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- Volume 71, Issue 1, 2005
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 71, Issue 1, 2005
Volume 71, Issue 1, 2005
Author Dennis OchollaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... Dear SAJLIS Readers, During LIASA's conference in Polokwane a new team of LIASA office bearers were elected. We wish to congratulate Tommy Matthee (new LIASA President) and his team for their election to lead LIASA for the next term. We also wish to convey our deep condolences to the bereaved family of the late Christie Theron of UNISA, whom we all miss in the LIS profession in South Africa. The previous issues of SAJLIS have received positive feedback. According to a study by Darch and Underwood, where a list of journals included in the ISI/DOE and IBSS ranked by ..
Are pre-compiled citation indexes of peer-reviewed journals an adequate control for research quality? A case study of library and information science : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 1 –10 (2005)More Less
Looks at the South African Department of Education's new recommendations for the evaluation of higher education research in South Africa, and examines two primary aspects: the use of pre-compiled journal lists from overseas, and the apparent reliance on peer review as a guarantee of quality. Pointing out that these are tried and tested standards of quality, the authors argue that there are nonetheless disciplinary differences between experimental sciences - such as physics or chemistry - and other disciplines that make these measures difficult to apply across the spectrum. They present an analysis of library and information science publications in the chosen lists and point to the weakness of the selection of titles in this discipline. In addition, there are extra difficulties for scientists from South Africa and the developing world in securing publication in premier international library and information science journals. The authors conclude by calling for the employment of other, additional evaluation measures in an integrated system.
FOIOTI : an implementation of the conceptualist approach to Internet information retrieval : research articleAuthor M. WeidemanSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 11 –25 (2005)More Less
The objective of this research project was to evaluate searching methodologies used by undergraduate learners in searching for academic information, and to design an aid if required. Literature surveys indicated that the sheer size of the Internet and lack of categorization of the information available makes finding relevant information a daunting task. Other problems include a lack of clear search specification formulation and inefficient usage of time and computing power by loading and using one search engine at a time. It was also clear from the literature that Internet searchers have difficulty in general to locate relevant information. The methodology used included empirical experiments involving a total of 1109 learners in a series of empirical experiments to address this situation. Their failure/success, methodology and a number of other factors were measured, and an instrument was designed to overcome these problems. The main conclusion was that the use of this instrument (called FOIOTI: Finder Of Information On The Internet) increased the chances of success under controlled circumstances dramatically. This was achieved by hiding the operationalist detail from the user, allowing him/ her to concentrate on conceptualizing the topic.
Author T.J.D. BothmaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 26 –38 (2005)More Less
This article discusses a study undertaken to enhance online service delivery by the South African Police Service (SAPS) by means of its website. It makes various recommendations to achieve this, following various investigations. The SAPS describes its primary goal as "service to the public". This is in line with the South African government's Batho Pele ("People first") initiative to improve the delivery of public services. However, as society is changing in response to the demands of the Internet Age, service providers (for the purpose of this study, police agencies) must, too, adjust. The application of e-Governance will enable these agencies to serve the public with a wide variety of information and services. This study makes recommendations in this regard as well. In the initial study for this work user needs regarding the establishment of the SAPS website were assessed. Subsequently a study was conducted to determine best practices in various English-speaking countries, using an evaluation framework compiled for this purpose. Based on the results gained a measuring instrument was designed to evaluate the SAPS website. Four expert evaluators were then requested to do so. The assessment of possible shortcomings of the SAPS website and recommendations for enhancing online service delivery and e-Governance by the study are set out in the article.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 39 –50 (2005)More Less
Following the publication of the report of the Public and Community Libraries Inventory of South Africa (Paclisa), an issue for further investigation was raised given the difficulties that many libraries had experienced in completing the questionnaire. A Working Group on Public Library Statistics (WGPLS) was established to work on the drafting of a simpler data collection instrument. Our paper describes the process of arriving at joint understanding of the aims and objectives of measuring performance in the South African public library system. A brief discussion of the purpose and rationale of collecting statistical data, and their role as performance measures and indicators for public libraries in South Africa follows. The proposed statistical form and the indicators that could be derived are presented. The paper concludes with suggestions of future steps to be taken, including a consideration by libraries of outcomes, and the difference made by libraries to people's lives.
Author Janneke B. MostertSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 51 –63 (2005)More Less
Parliamentarians need accessible, current and authoritative information for decision-making. However, within the African continent information sources, systems and services are not always well organized and accessible. South Africa, relatively speaking has a well-organized information sector making a variety of information sources, systems and services available to the parliamentarian. The aim of the paper is to discuss the information needs of the South African parliamentarians, what sources they use to access information, and explore what the information sector in South Africa can provide to satisfy their information needs. The information for writing this paper was gained through a literature review, interviews, and an empirical study. The study targeted all the South African parliamentarians, and a questionnaire was used to gain information from the respondents. One hundred and sixty seven (23%) responses were received. The parliamentarians expressed a variety of information needs. Although the predominant preference source of information was still for printed sources (78%), the use of electronic sources (24%) was notable, taken into account its recent introduction. A myriad of information sources, and systems and services are available to the parliamentarian, either by visiting the information provider in person, or via telephone, faxing, visiting a website or e-mail. The parliamentarians however do not always make time or have the skills to access the information sources. It is strongly recommended that the services of a professionally trained information intermediary such as a parliamentary librarian be used to gate keep the information overload and provide the parliamentarian with the needed information. The increasing use of non-professional information providers such as Personal Assistant should be minimized and further investigated.
Management development needs of library managers belonging to Gauteng and Environs Library and Information Consortia (GAELIC) in South Africa : research articleAuthor Solomon BopapeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 64 –73 (2005)More Less
This article is based on the Masters dissertation that was submitted to the Department of Information Studies, University of Pretoria. The changing social and political environments in South Africa have created a lot of complex and challenging opportunities for the management of human resources in most organizations. In library and information service organizations, managers have received little or no training in human resources management. In order to establish what the training and development needs of managers in academic libraries in performing human resource management activities and tasks are, a survey by means of a questionnaire based on the Graham and Mihal model was conducted, using six South African university libraries, from the Gauteng and Environs Library and Information consortium (GAELIC). The results of this study or research paper showed that most library managers in the selected academic libraries need training and development in human resource management activities and tasks, especially those related to utilization and development of staff. They need to know more about conducting performance appraisals, motivating staff, improving staff relations and delegating responsibilities. They also showed a need for training and development on activities and tasks related to managing labour and employment relations. This includes understanding employment legislation, communicating with employees, improving and maintaining good working conditions as well as maintaining discipline. Although few library managers indicated the need for training and development in tasks related to human resource planning, some indicated they need training and development in tasks related to human resource provision such as selecting and appointing suitable library employees. Programmes that address these needs must be developed in South Africa. The programmes must be designed to equip library managers with skills and competencies that will enable library managers to manage staff effectively.
Author J. RajuSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 74 –84 (2005)More Less
The article aims to provide a more complete historical review of LIS education and training in South Africa, particularly the involvement of technikons as well as how changes in the post-1990 era in South African society generally and in the higher education sector specifically, have impacted on LIS education and training.
Author Adriaan SwanepoelSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 85 –92 (2005)More Less
This article reports the findings of an investigation into merger experiences of several libraries of colleges of higher education in Flanders. The purpose of the study was to gain first hand knowledge from institutions who recently merged; especially, what best practices to follow and what to avoid. Data was gathered with a mail questionnaire and followed by personal interviews with the heads of the selected libraries concerned. The article includes topics such as the composition and tasks of merger task teams, most difficult issues in the planning phase, the role of consultants, how progress is monitored and communicated, dealing with different organisational cultures, decisions that have an impact on merger outcomes, appointment of a post-merger library head, duration of a merger, do's and don'ts, outcomes of library mergers, and challenges of library mergers. It is concluded with a list of lessons that other libraries can learn from the Flemish experience and indicates whether a particular lesson is supported by the merger literature or not.
The role of the South African Online User Group (SAOUG) in the informatisation of society : general contributionAuthor J.C. TheronSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 93 –101 (2005)More Less
The study investigates the concept of 'informatisation', its meaning, history and influence on contemporary society. Informatisation refers inter alia to the widespread use of information in society to survive, to produce food, to manufacture products for local consumption and export, and to render services to society. It is, however, often regarded as a much broader concept, which indicates a new kind of society different from the Industrial or agricultural. In the second part of the study the role that the South African Online User Group (SAOUG) can play in the informatisation of the South African society is investigated and certain recommendations are made.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 102 –103 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 102 SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(1) GENERAL CONTRIBUTIONS Book Reviews Library and information science text for Africa L O Aina Ibadan: Third World Information Services Ltd; 365p. ISBN: 978 32836 1 8 Price: Unknown Scarcity of relevant texts in and about Africa can pose a serious handicap to learners and instructors on the continent. For academics to publish works that provide basic text for African library and information science trainees and practitioners is commendable, not only for filling a scarcity in the literature, but also in the imparting of skills applicable to Africa. The author is ..
The strategic stewardship of cultural resources : To preserve and protect, edited by Andrea T Merrill : book reviewAuthor Jennie UnderwoodSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 103 –104 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(1) The strategic stewardship of cultural resources: To preserve and protect Edited by Andrea T Merrill. New York. Haworth Information Press, 2003. 237p. This book is a selection from papers presented at a Library of Congress symposium held in October 2000 and copublished as The Journal of Library Administration, Volume 38, Numbers ? and ? 2003. It purports to examine challenges faced in preserving and safeguarding library resources and indeed it does, but the focus is very much on larger academic and research libraries in America. However, this does not necessarily mean ..
Author Peter G. UnderwoodSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 104 –106 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(1) Strategic marketing in library and information science Edited by Irene Owens. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2002. 254 p. ISBN 0 7890 2142 0 (hbk); ISBN 0 7890 2143 9 (pbk). This is a compilation of papers originally published as Issue number 28 in 2002 of The acquisitions librarian. Collectively, it is a valuable contribution to the literature on service delivery and collection management and should certainly be considered for purchase if the original journal issue is not available. A full index is included. Marketing is a poorly-understood concept in many ..