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- Volume 71, Issue 3, 2005
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 71, Issue 3, 2005
Volume 71, Issue 3, 2005
The diffusion of innovations theory as a theoretical framework in Library and Information Science research : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 211 –224 (2005)More Less
This paper discusses the appropriateness of Diffusion of Innovations (DoI) Theory as a platform for explaining aspects of information and communication technology (ICT) innovation adoption process in the field of Library and Information Science (LIS). The discussion is based on literature review of the theory's application, plus the experience and findings of two recently completed doctoral research projects on ICTs, at the University of Zululand, in which the theory was applied. The DoI theory is essentially a social process in which subjectively perceived information about a new idea is communicated. The theory rests on the premise that a new idea, practice or object has perceivable channels, time and mode of being adopted by individuals or organisations. In recent years, the theory has widely been used to study the adoption of ICTs in organizations and in instructional technology. However, though providing a good tool for descriptive research, the theory does not adequately provide a basis for predicting outcomes or for providing guidance for accelerating adoption rates. There is also doubt about the extent to which the theory can give rise to readily refutable hypotheses. It was also observed that many of the theory's elements are specific to the culture in which it was derived, i.e. North America in the 1950s and 1960s. For instance the theory's "social system" focus, particularly the socio-economic issues, is different from the pertinent issues that continually challenge developing countries such as funding, expertise, politics and culture. Nonetheless, the broad framework of the theory provides a platform for investigating LIS innovations, even in unique social systems such as sub-Saharan Africa's reality.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 225 –233 (2005)More Less
The study was carried out at the University of Botswana to establish the perceptions held by lawyers of ICT and whether these had any bearing on the adoption and use levels of information and communication technology (ICT) by lawyers in Botswana. The objectives of this study were to identify the range of ICT used in the law firms; determine how they were being used and establish their level of usage. The study also investigated the factors that promote or inhibit the adoption and use of ICT. The survey research design was used for the study. All the 114 partners in the 59 law firms in Gaborone, the capital city, were included in the survey. Semi structured questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. The study revealed that law firms are still at early stages of adoption and use of ICT. The lawyers appear to be positively inclined towards Rogers (1991) attributes of an innovation though they remain low adopters. However, lawyers' perception towards ICT was not the overriding factor that determined the adoption and use of ICT in the law firms. The lack of in-house expertise, high cost of ICT consultants, the lack of interest and skills in ICT, lack of information about appropriate software, and limited financial resources were other major factors that determined the adoption and use of ICT. The firm size, high cost of legal systems, dissatisfaction with ICT consultants, and lack of time for training also determined the adoption and use pattern of ICT.
Diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies in communication of agricultural information among agricultural researchers and extension workers in Kenya : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 234 –246 (2005)More Less
The paper reports on the findings of a study that investigated the diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in communication of agricultural information among agricultural researchers and extension workers in Kenya. The study focused on the public agricultural sector and covered the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD). A survey research method, comprising a self-completed questionnaire and a structured interview schedule was utilized to gather data from the respondents who comprised of 159 agricultural researchers, 138 extension workers and 59 key informants. This was supplemented by observation and document review. <br>It was found out that KARI and MoARD had adopted a wide variety of ICT tools and services in an effort to facilitate information sharing and exchange among agricultural researchers, extension workers, farmers and other actors involved in research and extension. These ranged from modern ICTs based on digital information and traditional ICTs based largely on analogue information waves. The ICT models adopted addressed the different kinds of information needs and communication problems encountered by agricultural researchers and extension workers. However, it was observed that despite the efforts to expand and modernize ICTs in the agricultural sector, its growth had been hampered by a number of constraints and challenges which require the intervention and interaction of all the stakeholders in the agricultural and ICT sector and also involvement of the government.
The marginalized knowledge : an informetric analysis of indigenous knowledge publications (1990-2004) : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 247 –258 (2005)More Less
The paper analyses and demonstrates the application of informetrics by use of descriptive bibliometrics to determine the status and trend of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) development from 1990-2002. IK records published during that period have been analyzed by use of eight databases hosted by EBSCOHost and SABINET by document type, by growth of the literature over the period, by source where the document is published, by document affiliation, by subject domain, and by nature of authorship among others. A positive growth of IK is observed with strong representation in AGRICOLA database and recommendations are given for a follow up and further research. It is recognized that the paper could provide useful information for decision support in knowledge management in general and knowledge management in particular.
The role of academic libraries in the enhancement of information literacy : a study of Fort Hare Library : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 259 –267 (2005)More Less
Students today are faced with many difficulties in finding information, because new technology makes information available in different, mainly electronic, formats. For this information to be accessed and used properly, students are required to be information literate. It is a duty of today's libraries to equip students with the necessary information skills to function effectively and to meet challenges of the information age. This paper reports on an investigation into the role of the University of Fort Hare Library in the enhancement of students' information literacy. A survey was conducted among both undergraduate and postgraduate students and results of a total of 246 responses were analysed. Findings show that while there is some evidence that the University of Fort Hare Library is engaging in information literacy activities, students still have difficulty in finding, critically evaluating and using information.
Developing a GIS-based inventory of South Africa's public libraries : the Public and Community Libraries Inventory of South Africa (PaCLISA) project : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 268 –274 (2005)More Less
During 2000-2004 a project was undertaken to create a comprehensive and informative inventory of South African public and community libraries, the Public and Community Libraries Inventory of South Africa (PaCLISA). The project was executed in two phases, initially under the guidance of the Libraries Working Group of the Print Industries Cluster Council (PICC). Phase 1 was carried out during 2000-2001 and funded by The Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Foundation for Library and Information Service Development (FLISD), through the National Library of South Africa. The Centre for Geo-Information Science of the University of Pretoria was contracted to carry out the project. In light of the response to Phase 1, a consultative process was followed to redesign the inventory questionnaire, after which Phase 2 was carried out during 2003-2004 as a project of the Department of Information Science and the Centre for Geo-Information Science of the University of Pretoria. Although the project was not an unqualified success, it was a valuable learning experience. The article provides an overview of the project with special emphasis on the lessons that have been learned and what these imply for future efforts to inventorise South Africa's public libraries.
Characteristics of Library and Information Science Journals published in West Africa : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 275 –281 (2005)More Less
In order to establish the characteristics of library and information science (LIS) journals published in West Africa, twelve active LIS journals published in Nigeria and Ghana were surveyed. The findings reveal that majority of the journals had been in existence for over 10 years, the editors were highly qualified and experienced, as seven of the editors possessed doctoral degrees in library and information science, four of the editors were university professors and another four were university librarians. Other characteristics of the journals are: they are all peer-reviewed, many of the journals were published behind schedule, a large proportion of the journals was funded mainly by professional associations at the national and provincial levels, many of the journals have limited international recognition and visibility and they are generally inadequately funded. Only one of the journals is involved in electronic publishing. The study recommends that some of the journals be merged and those that remain should be adequately funded by their sponsors in order for them to perform their functions effectively. It is also suggested that LIS journals in West Africa should avail themselves of the opportunities of electronic publishing.
Author Ken MastersSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 282 –288 (2005)More Less
The need to quote and reference accurately is crucial to academic writing and debate. While small errors are excusable, obvious interpretations, alterations, additions and deletions are not, unless indicated. In addition, primary texts are preferred; if secondary texts are used, this should also be clearly indicated. This article details a case in which these rules have been ignored. It begins by identifying the scope of the particular case: the mis-quoting of Michaels Gibbons. It then traces the route of the inaccurate quotation as it moves from its source through various influential documents and journal articles, until it is firmly established, and easily cross-referenced, but as a vague resemblance of the original, not recognised by the original author. Although this article deals with this one case, it is obvious that the circumstances are not unique, and that there is little reason to suppose that these events cannot be replicated elsewhere. This case illustrates the need for writers to always, where possible, refer to the original documents when citing them.
Legal solutions in electronic reserves and the electronic delivery of Interlibrary Loan, Janet Brennan Croft : book reviewAuthor Anli Van SantenSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 289 SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(3) GENERAL CONTRIBUTIONS Book Reviews Legal solutions in electronic reserves and the electronic delivery of Interlibrary Loan Janet Brennan Croft Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, 2004. 84p ISBN 978 0 7890 2558 0 (Hb); US$29.95 ISBN 978 0 7890 2559 3 (Pb); US$19.95 This book examines the philosophy and regulations behind the laws and guidelines that apply directly to library services to allow library staff and administration to better understand why these rules are needed. To stay within the boundaries of the law is vital for any academic institution and library. In ..
Serials in the park : Proceedings of the North American Serials Interest Group, Inc. 18th Annual Conference, June 26-29, 2003, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, edited by Patricia Sheldahl French and Richard Worthing : book reviewSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 290 –291 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 290 SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(3) Serials in the park: Proceedings of the North American Serials Interest Group, Inc. 18th Annual Conference, June 26-29, 2003, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon Edited by Patricia Sheldahl French and Richard Worthing New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004. 356p ISBN 0 7890 2565 5 (pbk) (These proceedings have been co-published as The Serials Librarian, Volume 46, numbers 1/2 and 3/4 2004.) This indexed volume comprises 40 chapters covering the 2 pre-conference programmes, 3 plenary sessions, 13 concurrent sessions and 19 workshops that took place at the conference. The Poster sessions ..
Interlibrary loan and document delivery in the larger academic library, Lee Andrew Hilyer : book reviewAuthor Anita VisserSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71, pp 291 –292 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(3) Interlibrary loan and document delivery in the larger academic library Lee Andrew Hilyer Binghamton: Haworth Information Press, 2002, 130p. ISBN 0 7890 1950 7 (hb); US$39.95 (Hb) ISBN 0 7890 1951 5 (sb); US$24.95 (Sb) An Interlibrary Loan Department has the potential of turning a library into a very large one indeed - provided it runs efficiently. In constructing the best practice for any Interlibrary Loan (ILL) department, it is imperative that those responsible for laying down and implementing the policy in terms of which it is run, should be aware ..
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 71 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... SA Jnl Libs & Info Sci 2005, 71(3) Introduction to serials work for library technicians Scott Millard New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004. 143p ISBN 0 7890 2155 2 (pbk). US$24.95 The twelve chapters of this indexed volume cover the typical life cycle of a serial, touching on most issues that people who work with serials in libraries need to know. After an Introduction to Serials Work, the chapters cover acquisitions, ordering, receipt and check-in, cataloguing, processing and shelving, claims, binding, renewals, cessations, automation, and a look at new technology. Each chapter begins with an Objective that serves as ..