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- Volume 72, Issue 3, 2006
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 72, Issue 3, 2006
Volume 72, Issue 3, 2006
Author Dennis N. OchollaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72 (2006)More Less
I wish to present to you SAJLIS 72(3), comprising nine research articles and general contributions that include one article andfive book reviews. This was election year for LIASA, and saw the selection of new office bearers and a new SAJLIS JournalManagement Team. We welcome and congratulate the new office bearers and JMT appointees.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 145 –158 (2006)More Less
The concepts defining information, information needs, information seeking and information use have undergone significant evolution since they were first introduced. A number of information seeking and retrieval studies seem to focus on these concepts, albeit in different ways. It is widely understood that concepts form the basis for describing and explaining phenomena and processes in a field of study. Within the field of Information Science, many of the concepts used need to be understood in terms of research context, as a variety of meanings can be attached to most concepts. The article specifically aims to review major studies (e.g. Wilson 1981, 1996; Krikelas 1983; Ellis 1989; Kuhlthau 1991) and information searching and retrieval (Ingwersen 1996; Choo, Detlor and Turnbull 1999, 2000) that focus on these concepts for greater clarity and an understanding of their relationship and application in LIS research. This in turn may be of interest to researchers and students within this field. The article concludes that context should be the foundation for any research within this field, with the observation that many of the models discussed describe general information seeking behavior, without catering for variations.
Developing library collections at universities of technology : comparing practices in New Zealand and in South Africa : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 159 –171 (2006)More Less
This paper reports on the findings of a case study carried out for a doctoral thesis conducted through the University of South Africa. The collection development practices and policies at universities of technology in Auckland, New Zealand and in South Africa were compared. Both countries have recently transformed their higher education systems and upgraded polytechnics / technikons into universities of technology. It was found that whilst the Auckland University of Technology Library demonstrates a planned strategy to meet the needs of their researchers through expanding their collection of traditional and electronic media, the South African institution demonstrates little progress. The latter institution has extended mainly its collection of electronic media and has paid little attention to upgrading its collection of print resources. The researcher concludes that unless considerable funding is allocated to South African university of technology libraries, these libraries will be unable to support the information needs of their academics and researchers, and ultimately these institutions will be unable to rise to their anticipated status as universities.
Public librarians and information literacy education : views from Mpumalanga Province : research articleAuthor Genevieve HartSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 172 –184 (2006)More Less
The paper reports on one part of a questionnaire / interview survey of 57 public librarians, conducted in Mpumalanga Province in 2004 to assess the readiness of public libraries for information literacy education - specifically, given the shortage of school libraries, that of their school learner users. It analyses the data gathered in a group of open-ended and Likert-scale questions that probe staff perceptions - in the belief that these subjective factors are crucial to sustainable programmes. The study attests to the pressures on South African public librarians, who feel unprepared for a teaching role. Three themes are explored: respondents' understanding of the concepts of information literacy; respondents' own information literacy; and their views on the role of public libraries in information literacy education. Restricted conceptions of information literacy are found to limit the role of public libraries in the learning process of information literacy, with the prevailing notion of service being the 'giving' and 'fetching' of information on demand. The study finds ambivalence towards an enhanced educational role for public libraries - caused by contradictions between the heavy daily demands of learners and beliefs about the proper role of a public library.
Protecting documents against disasters and theft : the challenge before the public libraries in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 185 –197 (2006)More Less
All forms of documentary materials are prone to disasters and theft. Security and disaster management are keys to the protection of library materials from theft and risks. However, librarians often overlook disaster preparedness and security control yet they are fundamental aspects of preservation management as they make it possible for people to have access to library materials, and to respond to and recover from disasters. A cross-sectional survey carried out between December 2005 and February 2006 in public libraries of KwaZulu-Natal revealed that the libraries were not adequately prepared for protecting documents against disasters and theft. Furthermore, most of the public libraries did not have disaster plans, adequate procedures for disaster response and recovery, satisfactory theft management strategies and sufficient staff with disaster management knowledge and skills.
Mergers and managers : what's needed for both to work? Reflections on a merger of two higher education libraries in KwaZulu-Natal : research articleAuthor N.J. MullerSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 198 –207 (2006)More Less
Mergers are not an occasion; they are a process, and it is important to understand how such processes unfold and the concomitant stress factors that are brought about by the change. During a merger, staff can feel overstretched and overburdened. A logical output of this is that neglect of normal business operations occurs. There are various management strategies recommended in the literature which can be put into place to ensure that such overload and neglect does not lead to failure of the merger. This paper briefly outlines the various cycles that mergers take, as well as highlighting the stresses that mergers place on employees. It focuses more particularly on what skills and strategies are required by managers to ensure that such employee stress is diminished and that employees feel competent, able and willing to handle the operational requirements of the merger appropriately. The paper draws on experiences of the Durban Institute of Technology library during its merger process.
The feasibility of unionising LIS workers : a case study of the tertiary education sector in South Africa : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 208 –217 (2006)More Less
This article reports on the findings of a study that investigated the feasibility of unionizing LIS workers with special reference to the tertiary education sector in South Africa. The primary objectives of the study were to investigate the need for an organisation to address the industrial concerns of LIS employees and to investigate the organization most capable of addressing both the industrial and professional concerns of the sector. The majority of the respondents expressed the view that there is a need for an organisation to address the industrial issues of the LIS sector. The findings also reveal that there is substantial support for the professional association, as opposed to a generic trade union, to address the industrial and professional issues of the LIS sector.
The first edition of Burney's General History of Music (1776 - 1789) in South African Libraries : research articleAuthor Carol SteynSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 218 –225 (2006)More Less
Two complete sets of the first edition of the first general history of music published in English, A General History of Music from the earliest ages to the present period by Charles Burney, 1776 - 1789, can be found in the libraries of the University of South Africa and the University of KwaZulu-Natal (Pietermaritzburg). A third, mixed set, containing a second edition of the first volume, and first editions of the other three volumes, is in the library of the University of Cape Town. The provenance of the books is largely unknown and they are unknown and unused. The physical appearance of the books is a source of information on printing, publishing and binding practices of the 18th century. Regarding content, Burney's History remains a wellspring of observation and insight into 18th century musical life and practice.
The nature and trends of agricultural research development in Africa : an informetric study : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 226 –235 (2006)More Less
The study recognizes agriculture as the mainstay activity of most economies in Africa and analyses research nature and trends in the discipline by using descriptive informetrics and focusing on seven indicators, by using the AGRICOLA and ISIE databases from 1991 to 2005. We observed that research output in the discipline is much higher in South Africa and Kenya, and research collaboration is greater than non-collaborative research output and collaboration is less among African countries. The most popular research domains were found to exist in environmental science, soil science, plant / crop production and [agricultural] economics. Helpful conclusions and recommendations for an agricultural policy, capacity and research orientation have been made.
Author Murat YilmazSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 236 –241 (2006)More Less
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how to select a library manager using fuzzy set theory. For this purpose, we first designate the set of professional criteria, which a library manager must meet, as (a1,a2,a3,...,an). Secondly, we assign the weights, (uj), representing the relative importance of each criterion, which are fuzzy numbers in the unit interval [0,1], to these professional criteria. Thirdly, we determine the extent to which the library manager candidates satisfy these criteria as (bj), which are also fuzzy numbers in the unit interval [0,1]. Fourthly, we combine the candidates' degrees of professional ability using an aggregator known as the OWA operator. As a result of this combination, the most desirable candidate is the one with the highest score, which is a fuzzy number in the unit interval [0,1].
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 242 –250 (2006)More Less
Effective information management is of crucial importance to the survival of organisations in the 21st century. This is due to the emergence and dominance of information as an economic resource in the information economy. One of the building blocks and a cornerstone of information management is the information audit. It is one of the methods that can be used to identify and determine the value, functioning, evaluation and utility of information resources, and is conducted to establish or improve effective information management within an organisation.
There are various methodologies that can be used to conduct an information audit, such as the methodologies of Barker (1990), Orna (1990), Stanat (1990), Hamilton (1993) and Swash (1997) and Henczel's methodology. The aim of this study is to test the viability of Henzcel's (2000) methodology within the context of the Chief Directorate of Statistical Information Services. This particular methodology comprises seven stages, namely: planning, data collection, data analysis, data evaluation, communicating recommendations and the continuum. The study, which included the first five stages of the methodology, indicated that this particular methodology is viable and practical in nature. The advantages and the disadvantages of the methodology are discussed and recommendations are made to ensure the successful implementation and use of Henzcel's methodology.
Author Celia WalterSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 251 –252 (2006)More Less
William J Frost (MA, MLS) brings a great deal of experience as a reference librarian, web manager and electronic resources librarian, and as the creator of the Internet Collegiate Reference Collection (icrc.bloomu.edu), to his task as the editor of this collection of articles.
Author Yvonne BlomkampSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 252 –253 (2006)More Less
If you have ever thought whether you should submit that article you have been toying with to a journal, or whether any publisher would be interested in your book draft, this book will help you reach a decision. It is by no means a step-by-step guide, but is full of useful information.
Author L. DubeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72 (2006)More Less
The book is written by dynamic, professional and knowledgeable people. It covers a wide range of issues related to patent and trademark accessibility in the international arena and interestingly in Africa. It provides a useful framework and pathway for researching for these invaluable information sources which, due to their nature and form, have been classified as unconventional literature.
Distance learning library services : The Tenth Off-Campus Library Services Conference, Patric B. Mahoney (Ed.) : book reviewAuthor Robert PearceSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 254 –255 (2006)More Less
In the Book Announcement, the Editors insists that the following information should form part of all reviews: 'Distance Learning Library Services: The Tenth Off-Campus Library Services Conference has been co-published simultaneously as Journal of Library Administration, Volume 37, Numbers 1 & 2 and 3 & 4 2002'.
Author Sally WitbooiSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 255 –256 (2006)More Less
The strategic stewardship of cultural resources : To preserve and protect. Papers from the Library of Congress Symposium 'To reserve and protect : the strategic stewardship of cultural resources', Andrea T. Merrill (Ed.) : book reviewAuthor Tanya BarbenSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 72, pp 256 –258 (2006)More Less
This book has been co-published simultaneously as the Journal of Library Administration, Volume 38, numbers 1/2 and 3/4 2003. The Journal and its monograph 'separates' have for many years been providing library professionals from all kinds of institutions with insightful and trenchant discussions on topics of importance to the profession. The title presently under review is no exception.