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- Volume 73, Issue 1, 2007
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 73, Issue 1, 2007
Volume 73, Issue 1, 2007
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 1 –13 (2007)More Less
This article discusses common errors emanating from authors submitting manuscripts or papers for publication in peer refereed Library and Information journals. It is hoped that this paper will provide established, novice and potential scholarly journal authors with valuable information enabling the improvement of their manuscripts before submission for publication. The paper primarily uses the author's experience as editor-in-chief of a peer refereed accredited LIS journal, among other related experiences, as well as 85 peer reviewer reports on submitted manuscripts to South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, to analyse and discuss common errors made by authors on submitted manuscripts for publication, and the challenges facing these authors.
Author Genevieve HartSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 14 –24 (2007)More Less
The article argues that the construct of social capital offers South African public librarianship fresh vision - urgently needed if it is to fulfil its potential role in social inclusion. Social capital refers to the stocks of social trust, norms and networks that a community can draw on to solve common problems. A wide body of research in Southern Africa bears witness to its role in the success of development projects. Restrictive economic policies, coupled with new demands, have put pressure on public libraries and research points to a prevailing low morale among their staff, who, it is suggested, find themselves caught in the transition towards new models of service. Government's acceptance of social capital as a crucial tool in the developmental state and the news of its intervention to transform South African public libraries suggest the need to articulate the library as ''a place for all''. In reaction to neglect in the literature of social capital, internationally, librarians have documented their building of social capital through their education, information and community programmes. This work offers South African librarians a rich resource to draw on in their search for new direction and vision.
A Webometric study of selected academic libraries in eastern and southern Africa using a link analysis approachAuthor Omwoyo Bosire OnyanchaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 25 –39 (2007)More Less
This paper investigates the Web presence and performance of academic libraries drawn from six countries in eastern and southern Africa (i.e. three each from eastern and southern Africa). Using link and content analyses, the study evaluated the libraries' websites in order to: examine the location of the libraries' websites in the university website; measure each library's link performance in terms of web page, directory, domain and site out-links and in-links; examine each library's performance in terms of the provision of essential online services (e.g. web-catalogues, web forms, web search engines, etc.); map the libraries' inter-linkages with each other; and to find out the most targeted web-sites / pages. Results, discussions and recommendations are provided.
Author Allison FullardSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 40 –50 (2007)More Less
Open access publishing offers wide benefits to the scholarly community and may also afford relief to financially embattled academic libraries. The progress of the open access model rests upon the acceptance and validation of open access journals and open archives or institutional repositories by the academic mainstream, particularly by publishing researchers. To what extent are the key actors in the South African research system aware of the advantages of open access? This article reports on the findings of a recent survey undertaken to assess the current awareness, concerns and depth of support for open access amongst local researchers, research managers and policy makers in South Africa. The study focuses on issues of quality, article or author charges and the established academic reward system. It concludes that within the prevailing framework, there is little prospect that academics would choose to publish within open access journals. Recommendations for advocacy by the library community are proposed.
Author J.A. FourieSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 51 –63 (2007)More Less
The results of an investigation into the public library's role in the provision of educational and vocational guidance and information to the youth and its links to the school and other career guidance service providers in South Africa are reported. The empirical study focused on public library services to the youth in general and to high school learners in particular.
The results showed that public libraries continue to provide separate user services to children but that separate provision is only made for teenagers and young adults in the case of large public libraries. Career-related requests are frequently received from high school learners but inadequate resources affect the development of specialised educational and vocational guidance and information services (EVGIS) for them. Lack of cooperation between public libraries, schools and other career guidance service providers hinders the development of support networks for learners. It is recommended that existing general user services to the youth could be extended to introduce specialised EVGIS for high school learners. Recommendations are made in respect of collections, facilities, staff and funding.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 64 –74 (2007)More Less
Information professionals in Kenya have long been cognisant of the need to share and transfer information among themselves. Unfortunately, information resource sharing initiatives have been limited to inter-library loans (ILL) ventures which have also not been very successful. Some of the reasons for failure have been: insufficient information resources for sharing, inadequate budget allocation to cater for the high costs of information resources, and the lack of appropriate communication infrastructure and enabling technologies to support any meaningful venture considering that most libraries in Kenya have been operating on manual systems. The widespread use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Kenya since the 1990s has, however, enabled the realisation of a number of information sharing initiatives among libraries and information centres. This paper examines successes and / or failures of such initiatives among Kenyan universities in relation to the objectives for which they were intended to fulfil, arguing that progress can be achieved much more easily by focusing future efforts toward building on the successes, and avoiding the pitfalls that have been experienced. It is concluded that although on-line information sharing networks are not a panacea to all the problems facing information providers in Kenyan universities, they have, nevertheless, potential to open new avenues, enabling users to have access to vast information resources available within national and international databases, as a way of alleviating information scarcity in these institutions.
The state of estuarine knowledge of the communities of the Tyolomnqa Estuary in the Eastern Cape, South AfricaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 75 –83 (2007)More Less
This article reports on a knowledge audit study that explored the state of estuarine knowledge sources, gaps and needs of the communities of the Tyolomnqa Estuary in the Eastern Cape from the perspectives of estuary users. Through a case study approach, unstructured and focus group interviews were conducted. The study found that the communities living along the Tyolomnqa Estuary did not have sufficient knowledge on how to address estuarine related problems. The findings revealed that lack of practical know-how, skills and expertise would result in irreplaceable natural resources like estuaries being threatened and destroyed. Enhancing estuarine knowledge may help the Tyolomnqa Estuary communities to act and make effective decisions about the sustainable management of the Estuary. However, for this to materialise there is a need to identify where knowledge is being created, where it already exists and where it is needed through a knowledge audit. Knowledge auditing is the first step in developing a knowledge management strategy.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 84 –89 (2007)More Less
It is shown that the ratio of the harmonic mean of citations over the harmonic mean of publications does not lead to an acceptable impact measure for a meta-journal. This result contrasts markedly with the corresponding cases in which the arithmetic or geometric average is used. The relation between different averages and the regression of impact over publications or the regression of the opposite of impact over the opposite of publication numbers is studied in some detail. This leads to the general observation that if the regression line of y over x has a positive slope then this is not necessarily true for the regression line of 1/y over 1/x.
Author Caroline E. DeanSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73 (2007)More Less
Author Celia WalterSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 91 –92 (2007)More Less
Author Emily KrigeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 92 –93 (2007)More Less
Education for library cataloging : International perspectives, ed. by Dajin D. Sun, Ruth C. Carter : book reviewAuthor Sally WitbooiSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 93 –94 (2007)More Less