- A-Z Publications
- South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science
- Previous Issues
- Volume 73, Issue 2, 2007
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 73, Issue 2, 2007
Volume 73, Issue 2, 2007
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73 (2007)More Less
This special issue of SAJLIS (73/2), focusing largely on LIS research in South Africa, is dedicated to this year's celebration of LIASA's 10th Anniversary, coinciding with our hosting of WLIC / 73rd IFLA General Conference, the most prestigious event on the Library and Information calendar in the world, in Africa for the second time, since being held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1984. We are proud to note that Ms Ellen Tise, LIASA's first President, has been elected IFLA's President for 2009. Also, that South Africa won the bid to host the 13th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI) in Durban.
Author Omwoyo Bosire OnyanchaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 95 –108 (2007)More Less
This paper examines library and information science (LIS) literature as produced and published by researchers in Africa in order to establish the productivity and impact of LIS research in the region. Using publication counts, and more specifically, citation analysis, the paper demonstrates that the research output and impact of LIS literature on the continent is relatively low when compared to other disciplines in Africa, such as social sciences. Correspondingly, the research forms a small percentage of both the national and world total LIS research output. A comparison of countries indicates that South Africa presently leads in terms of both research output and citations, and Nigeria and South Africa account for over 70% of the total number of Africa's publications and citations. Other findings are discussed, in addition to recommendations for further research, and ways in which to improve the visibility of LIS research in Africa.
Research in Library and Information Science in South Africa : an analysis of journal research output from 1993-2006Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 109 –118 (2007)More Less
This paper intends to promote an awareness of the overall research output in library and information science in South Africa, and is based on a publication count and analysis of peer refereed articles indexed in the LISA and Thompson Scientific (formely ISI) Web of Science databases (SCI,SSCI,A&HCI) between 1993 and 2006, using journal, subject and author indicators for the analysis. The recommendations are in favour of expanding the publication threshold by diversifying the output such that it includes currently marginalised domains.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 119 –129 (2007)More Less
South African academic libraries are starting to pay attention to the role played by instruction librarians. There is an acknowledgement that librarians as 'educators' need to learn how to teach information literacy skills. Instruction librarians are either not trained educators or do not have a pedagogical background. Many instruction librarians were placed in, or found themselves, assuming a teaching role with regard to information literacy instruction, and subsequently refined their craft while on the job. The motivation for this research was that librarians as 'educators' are faced with challenges that impact on their teaching role. The research was carried out in two parts : a literature survey and an empirical investigation. The investigation was confined to academic libraries that have an instruction librarian who facilitates information literacy skills instruction. The findings of the research were supportive of the objective that there is a serious need to have understanding, knowledge and skills regarding the dynamics involved in the teaching of information literacy skills, in order to make the program a success. The authors propose a competency framework for implementation as a management tool for designing key performance areas for instruction librarians.
Author Patrick NgulubeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 130 –135 (2007)More Less
Dissemination of LIS research is fundamental to scholarship and the sustainable development of society. This article aims at demonstrating that research findings should be promoted and disseminated if they are to be of any utility to society. However, researchers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) face a lot of problems when it comes to promoting and disseminating their research. Journals are one of the avenues that may be used, but some international journals are not easily accessible. Journals in Africa face viability problems. Policies in certain countries force LIS researchers to publish in certain journals which in some cases would be inaccessible to African scholars. Professional associations are not actively involved in disseminating research results in most countries in SSA. Publishing thematically by journals may inhibit publishing research outside the scope of a given theme. Open access and institutional repositories may help researchers in SSA to promote and disseminate their research.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 136 –146 (2007)More Less
This paper focuses on the role of the departments of Library and / or Information Science (L/IS) in South African universities in the training of Knowledge Management (KM) competencies. A questionnaire was e-mailed to thirteen L/IS departments, of which 9 (69%) responded. All respondents showed great interest in KM as an L/IS competency. They all view KM as legitimately belonging to L/IS because of the long involvement in the organization of information and knowledge. However, only 7 of these departments are currently offering some KM subjects, but with marked differences in the scope, level and stages of development towards offering KM noted among the departments. The choice of subjects taught is not necessarily what any manager per se would need, but rather what an information manager would need to be successfully integrated in a business management setup. Moreover, this choice of subjects has evolved based on what the offering department views as the core of KM as well as what available expertise is able to provide.
Author Fiona BellSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 147 –155 (2007)More Less
Service-learning involves a dynamic process linking real community priorities, issues and problems with student learning, research and development. This paper outlines service-learning projects in LIS education undertaken in South Africa since 2000, as part of the national Community-Higher-Education-Service Partnerships (CHESP) initiative. It focuses on the service-learning project undertaken at the former University of Natal and will refer briefly to a similar project at the University of the Western Cape. The Pietermaritzburg campus of the University of Natal chose the Inadi community, specifically the Emzamweni High School, as the service learning site in this area, as it was both rural and historically disadvantaged. The University of the Western Cape chose sites in the Delft and Belville South areas to work in public libraries.
The paper focuses on the results and experiences of the participatory action research carried out by the Post-Graduate Diploma in Information Studies students in the Inadi community and reflects on some of the opportunities and challenges of service-learning as an arena for research, curriculum reform and community development in South Africa. It will assess the feasibility of incorporating service learning into the LIS curriculum. The research and practice embarked upon in a real-life situation for the students serves to inform both the needs of information provision to the community and the need to build up a body of service-learning research which is unique to the South African context.
Author B.J. MostertSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 156 –167 (2007)More Less
Parliamentary libraries are important in their principal role as information providers to parliamentarians. They are expected to offer a wide variety of specialized services, often under very pressing conditions. Despite not being very effective on the African continent, the South African parliamentary libraries are valued service centers known to actively disseminate information. This study aimed to determine their role as information providers. A survey, in the form of a questionnaire, was used to obtain data about the libraries and the services they provide. It was found that depending on the staff available the libraries offered a number of services to parliamentarians, which ranged from lending services to providing in-depth reports on issues of the day. Library collections ranged from printed sources to electronic and audiovisual records. Computers are used in all the libraries, both for administrative purposes and for information acquisition and dissemination. Numerous innovative methods have been adopted to inform users about the available services, and presently, the electronic medium is also used as an alerting tool.
The migration of integrated library systems with special reference to the rollout of Unicorn in the province of KZNSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 168 –179 (2007)More Less
New technological advancements have significantly influenced the development of integrated library systems (ILS). Selecting such an integrated library system, either as an introduction or a replacement, is a complicated process that requires careful planning. However, this selection process becomes even more complicated given the fluidity of the vendor market and the continuous enhancements to integrated library systems. A more recent issue for debate in the selection process is that of 'buying' or 'building'.
The purpose of this paper is to identify, via a review of the literature, the factors that influence the selection of an ILS and the implementation of the migration process. In the context of this review of the literature, this paper discusses the migration of three institutions in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, namely ESAL, the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the eThewini Municipal Library, to such systems. All three institutions have migrated from a common product in Urica to a common vendor and product in SIRSI's Unicorn. Each followed its own strategy of selection and implementation.
A growing trend is the move away from purchasing a system 'off the shelf' to building a system, using open access software, that meets the needs of a particular LIS environment. The authors make the recommendation that there should be an investigation into the possibility of developing a South African ILS product that would ensure the retention of financial resources within the country, the creation of job opportunities for local communities and the generation of local know-how and expertise in this area.
Author C.S. De BeerSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 180 –185 (2007)More Less
The project of an acritical philosophy of information is nothing but a defense of the necessity for the philosophical in our cognitive, epistemic, and informational endeavours, and simultaneously a manner of refusing the formalist, criticist or ideological marginalisation of the philosophical. This underlines the fact that there are many things that the disciplinary discourses do not or cannot know, not even when these discourses accumulate into a huge pile of knowledges. This project poses many challenges both to Information Science and to philosophy. Only when Information Science is understood as an interscience that operates in a multifaceted and interconceptual, and even interdiscursive way, as it is suggested here, it will be able to comply with the challenges. In the fulfilment of this task it needs to be accompanied by a philosophical approach that will take it beyond the merely critical and linear approach to scientific work. For this reason an acritical philosophical approach is proposed that will be characterised by multiple, complex and inventive styles of thinking, organised by a compositional rather than an oppositional inspiration. This initiative is carried by the conviction that Information Science will hereby be enabled to make contributions to significant knowledge inventions that may bring about a better world.
The International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference (ISSI) comes to South Africa. Report on the 11th ISSI International Conference, Madrid (Spain) June 25th-27, 2007 : general contributionSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 186 –188 (2007)More Less
This report is informed by my recent participation in the 11th ISSI conference in Madrid (Spain) in June, where we (joint paper with Bosire Onyancha) presented our full paper entitled "Is HIV / AIDs in Africa Distinct? What can we learn from an analysis of the literature". At this occasion I was privileged to bid for hosting the 13th ISSI conference in South Africa. The decision to bid for the conference was largely based on previous support and encouragement that we (together with Dr. Daisy Jacobs) received from colleagues and friends from South Africa.
Author Celia WalterSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 189 –190 (2007)More Less
This collection of articles represents a variety of viewpoints. Most of the authors, and both the editors, either work in academia, and / or, are academic librarians. There are a couple of articles by librarians employed in public libraries, and one written by library consultants. Articles by a music librarian and two librarians who work in a medical library, are also included.
Author Caroline E. DeanSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73 (2007)More Less
Education for library cataloging : International perspectives, (Ed) Dajin D Sun and Ruth C Carter : book reviewAuthor Sally WitbooiSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73 (2007)More Less
This book focuses on global perspectives of education for cataloguing against the backdrop of the growing need and demand for international cataloguing standards and cooperation. The education and training of cataloguers in 6 countries (in alphabetical order) is represented in 22 papers written by lecturers and practitioners who reflect on the current developments, trends and critical issues in cataloguing. The American cataloguing issues were excluded as it was previously covered by Janet Swan Hill in Education for cataloging and classification and the organization of information (The Haworth Press, 2002).
A guide to Docutek, Inc.'s ERes software : A way to manage electronic reserves, (Ed) James M McCloskey : book reviewAuthor Jean-Maree UysSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73, pp 191 –192 (2007)More Less
Electronic reserves is a critical academic library service which is still in its infancy stages in South African academic libraries but which is used by most, if not all, academic libraries internationally. If South African academic libraries want to compete globally, it is essential that they move away from the manual system and embrace the newer technologies available which will enable them to provide a better and more efficient reserve system. This book contains nine papers written by professionals who have firsthand experience of the Docutek ERes software package. This book is a practical hands-on guide to the use and performance of the Docutek ERes software package. Although all the authors are from universities in the USA, the book is a useful guide on how to convert from a manual system, what support is needed, and how best to implement the new system and interface it with other software used by the library service.