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- Volume 74, Issue 1, 2008
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 74, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 74, Issue 1, 2008
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 1 –8 (2008)More Less
This paper analyses and evaluates the current institutional Information Literacy Training Programme (ILTP) at the Tshwane University of Technology. The Library and Information Services re-examines its ILTPs from previously merged Technikons in terms of the background and conditions as well as the design and approval of a new programme. This baseline evaluation examines the development of a training programme for scholars using electronic databases in the contact on-campus delivery mode and to the proposed multimodal training approach. We recommend the content, format, assessment approaches and delivery mode for the ILTP.
Authorship patterns of the literature on HIV / AIDS in Eastern and Southern Africa : an exposition of the responsible authors, institutions and countries, 1980-2005Author Omwoyo Bosire OnyanchaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 9 –22 (2008)More Less
Research is commonly evaluated through an analysis of research outputs (i.e. theses and dissertations, papers in scholarly journals and conference proceedings, etc.) and research outcomes (i.e. new discoveries, Nobel prize winners, graduating students, new developments of drugs, etc.) using research units (e.g. persons or bodies responsible, sources in which the findings are published, medium of communication, nature of information conveyed, timing and frequency with which information is conveyed, amount of information conveyed, etc). Some of the methods of research evaluation that have been proposed and are commonly used include peer-review and informetric approaches. This paper reports findings of an informetric study of HIV / AIDS literature published by and on Eastern and Southern Africa in order to find out the number of countries engaged in the publication of HIV / AIDS literature; the most productive authors, institutions and countries; and the countries in which the literature is published. A comparison is made between regional (i.e. African) and foreign (or international) productivity. Results indicate that foreign authorship dominates the scene and that majority of the publications are published in foreign countries. The implications of this pattern of publication for researchers based in Africa are discussed. Finally, recommendations based on the findings are provided.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in secondary educational institutions in the uMhlathuze municipality, South Africa : an insight into their utilisation, impact, and the challenges facedSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 23 –40 (2008)More Less
In order to cope with the demands that stem from our modern day, information-based global economy, present day school leavers need to be equipped with skills that would allow them to meaningfully contribute towards their respective working and social environments. The ability to utilise ICTs effectively is of paramount importance, as they enable individuals to continuously adapt to change and to develop the skills associated with life long learning. Recognising this, the South African government has pledged that all school children will be able to utilise ICTs by 2013. This study, which forms part of a more comprehensive study amongst both learners and staff in secondary schools in the uMhlatuze municipality, reports on ICTs and their utilisation, impact, and the challenges faced amongst learners from secondary schools in the Umhlatuze municipality. The findings reveal that while various ICTs are available in most of the schools, accessibility is still a problem. As educational tools, their impact is still negligible, and numerous challenges were identified. Yet despite these drawbacks, the learners expressed an eagerness and willingness to enhance their ICT skills and utilise the tools for their own empowerment.
An informetric analysis of publication and research collaboration patterns in natural and applied sciences in South AfricaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 41 –48 (2008)More Less
This study is the part of an ongoing research which presents the mainstream scientific output and collaboration of five research universities of South Africa over a 9 year period between 1995 and 2003. Since a part of this research has already been published in 2006 where the main emphasis was on publication output, this paper concentrates more on collaboration. The paper discusses the distribution of publications by institutions, index of specialization, collaboration and patterns of co-authorship. The results show that South African authors collaborated more frequently with international authors (73.99%) than with national authors (26.01%). This was confirmed statistically at a confidence level of p-value < 0.025. A further non-parametric chi-square statistical analysis illustrated that there are significant differences in the proportion of co-authorship amongst the five institutions (p-value < 0.005). The results obtained shows that there is a sharp decline in publication output from 1995 until the end of 1998 and then again from 2003. The decrease in publication output is also an indication of the lack of collaborative research by South African scientists.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 49 –57 (2008)More Less
This paper examines the origin of the Public Lending Right and the UK Public Lending Right Act 1979. It analyses whether the public lending right (PLR) that exists in some European countries, Canada and Australia may form the basis of establishing a PLR in South Africa's public libraries following a debate by the Academic and Non-Fiction Authors' Association of South Africa (ANFASA) as to whether South African libraries needs to lobby for a PLR. The paper discusses possible obstacles that may inhibit the implementation of a PLR in South Africa's public libraries.
Preparing for e-government : some findings and lessons from government agencies in Oyo State, NigeriaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 58 –72 (2008)More Less
E-government, which entails use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to drive different government processes, promises diverse benefits to governments and citizens. Governments need to understand e-government adequately in order to invest profitably in it, and that can be promoted through studies that assess the development of prerequisite conditions for e-government in government agencies. This study therefore assessed the preparedness for e-government by Oyo State government agencies in 2006. Data were collected from 134 public servants in 20 of the 45 state agencies. The study found that public servants were motivated to embrace e-government innovations less by citizens' desire for participation and information access; that they viewed e-government more in terms of improving inter-unit coordination than saving costs or reducing corruption; that the capacities of agencies in respect of electronic systems for capturing, processing and disseminating information to citizens was weak; and that there were no e-government plans in the state or in individual agencies. The study recommended programmes to enlighten governments, citizens and public servants on e-government; e-government strategies and plans to build networks, databases and websites; and support by all stakeholders for a freedom of information law for the country.
Hello tomorrow? Sources of HIV / Aids information used by residential students at the University of NatalSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 73 –82 (2008)More Less
This article identifies sources of HIV / AIDS information used by residential students on the Pietermaritzburg campus of the former University of Natal (now the University of KwaZulu-Natal). A questionnaire targeted at residential students on the Pietermaritzburg campus was used to determine which sources of HIV / AIDS information they used.
The study upon which the article is based found that HIV / AIDS has become an everyday reality in the university system. There was a need for a clearer, more forceful definition of roles and responsibilities amongst all the partners in response to the epidemic. Residential students were generally satisfied with the existing sources of HIV / AIDS information but they did encounter problems in accessing some sources.
The authors argue that it is time for the university sector and its partners to take stock of a situation that might quickly outpace the institution. Provision of relevant information in an appropriate format needs to be an integral part of the University's response to HIV / AIDS. Sources that were used most frequently should be utilised by university information stakeholders to disseminate information among students.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 83 –92 (2008)More Less
This paper reports the findings of research (Tandwa 2007) into adult literacy programmes offered by two public libraries in Cape Town with a focus on their use of literacy materials. The study is a contribution to the documenting and analysis of the public library's role in the struggle against illiteracy, a serious socio-economic problem in South Africa. Using the case study approach the researcher made an in-depth study of the programme offerings from the perspective of the adult learners, and tried to establish how and whether they made use of literacy materials, since their availability is so important in literacy instruction and the development of a reading habit. The paper describes the programmes and the cohorts of learners and their expectations, and analyses the availability and role of reading materials in the learners' lives. It concludes by identifying the factors required for the successful implementation of a literacy programme in a public library.
World Library and Information Congress : 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council. "Libraries for the future : Progress, Development and Partnerships"
19-23 August 2007, Durban, South Africa : reportAuthor Lyudmila OchollaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 93 –95 (2008)More Less
The development, purpose, composition, activities and programs of IFLA are covered in a number of publications, key of which are the IFLA Journal and IFLA website (http://www.icc.co.za/DurbanTour116.aspx). IFLA (The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) is a leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users - the global voice of the library and information profession. IFLA is 80 years old and was founded in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1927. Currently, the organisation is housed in the Netherlands, where the Hague's Royal Library supplies IFLA with its facilities. IFLA has 1700 members in over 150 countries and is an independent, international, non-governmental, not-for profit organisation.
Author Caroline E. DeanSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74 (2008)More Less
What are the issues affecting collection development in the current online environment? In this volume the issues covered have been grouped into 3 themes : Common Issues, Special Issues, Future Issues. The authors are from academic institutions in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States, ensuring that the coverage is global.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 97 –99 (2008)More Less
So often when reviewing one feels the need to bewail the lack of locally-produced works that tackle the important topics covered by the text under discussion; "How sad", one writes, "that this information cannot be produced in a form that reflects our circumstances!" As far as information literacy is concerned, there have been several introductory textbooks produced by local authors which have been well-received and are in use as main readings for the training of professional information workers and for general information literacy courses. Dr Ayoku Ojedokun has used his wide experience at the Kenneth Dike Library of the University of Ibadan and the Library of the University of Botswana to produce a text that can safely be added to this number.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74 (2008)More Less
This book focuses on the usefulness of alerting services for LIS professionals. It is a valuable and useful resource as it draws attention to the new and existing current awareness services which can be easily retrieved for updating ones information data banks. The availability of these services does not always mean that they are exploited for advancement of knowledge either by individuals or groups. This book provides a variety of definitions of current awareness services by several authors.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 99 –101 (2008)More Less
Wherever librarians gather, brows furrow as the vexed question of Google is raised. Whilst its services are regarded with great favour by many users - and not a few librarians - the profession remains cautious and sceptical. Rightly so, because our training and experience should make us distrust any "one stop" solution to the complex problems of searching for information.
Electronic resources in medical libraries : Issues and solutions, Elizabeth Conner and Sandra Wood, (Eds) : book reviewAuthor Ingrid Van der WesthuizenSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 101 –102 (2008)More Less
This compilation brings together a collection of ten articles dealing with challenging issues surrounding electronic resources in medical libraries. A list of indexing services and other tools that cover bibliographic access to the articles is provided at the beginning of the book. As the publishers state, this book could be of use to those who do not subscribe to the journal and, according to SACat, only one South African library currently subscribes to the Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries.
Moving beyond the presentation layer : Content and context in the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system, Joan S. Mitchell and Diane Vizine-Goetz, (Eds) : book reviewAuthor Mandy WoodSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 102 –104 (2008)More Less
This is a compilation of papers from an international group of researchers and practitioners assembled by OCLC research scientist Diane Vizine-Goetz and DDC editor-in-chief Joan Mitchell. The papers explore the Dewey Decimal System (DDS) from a variety of perspectives, with a focus on "peeling away the presentation layer" - the familiar linear notational sequence - to reveal "the content and context" offered by the DDS in practice.