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- Volume 75, Issue 1, 2009
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 75, Issue 1, 2009
Volume 75, Issue 1, 2009
Author Patrick NgulubeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75 (2009)More Less
This issue is a mixed bag of articles reflecting the diversity in the field of library and information science in general. The issue opens with an article by Christine Stilwell which is essentially an update of an article which appeared in the IFLA journal (Stilwell, 2007a). This article picks up on libraries and information services in South Africa as part of the wider national information system, starting with school libraries. An overview of archives, record centres and museums, nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), embassies, commercial database industry and indigenous knowledge follows. The sectors concerned with the dissemination of information and information technology are described, as well as the library and information education and training sector and the organised profession.
Mapping the fit : library and information services and the national transformation agenda in South Africa, Part 11Author Christine StilwellSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 1 –11 (2009)More Less
An update of an article which appeared in the IFLA journal (Stilwell, 2007a), this article follows on from Part 1 (Stilwell, 2008) charting progress in terms of the fit between available library and information services and that which is expected in terms of the national transformation agenda. This second article picks up on libraries and information services in South Africa as part of the wider national information system, starting with school libraries. An overview of archives, record centres and museums, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), embassies, commercial database industry and indigenous knowledge follow. The sectors concerned with the dissemination of information and information technology are described as well as the library and information education and training sector and the organised profession. This overview is based on literature retrieved from the available, mostly electronic, databases.
Author C.S. De BeerSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 12 –19 (2009)More Less
When we think of information science as an inter-science, and when the philosophy of information is reflected upon in acritical terms, what emerges is a formidable and extremely exciting subject field filled with dynamic dimensions that invoke comprehensive promises of novel inventions that can take not only the subject field as such, but also the workers in this subject field, to new heights of insight and celebration. This requires sensible and thoughtful methodological commitments to come to terms, in a scholarly way, with the challenges and demands of a complex field in order to reach the promised excitements. Ample illustrations of the 'dizzy' and 'fussy' field of information and knowledge in its full complexity are discussed in terms of the work of three scholars in Information Science. The comprehensive research on language, philosophy and information by David Blair (2006), the thorough research on the deflation of information by Bernd Frohmann (2004), and the equally substantial work done by Rainer Kuhlen (2004) on information ethics as it relates to knowledge ecology, will be focused on in order to demonstrate to what extent they take us beyond the current methods used in the field, albeit not far enough. The work done by Edgar Morin and Michel Serres will be used to show to what extent we can indeed move much further beyond the regular methodological strategies towards other, more thoughtful methodological approaches for responsible, exciting and truly inventive research.
Author Dennis N. OchollaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 20 –27 (2009)More Less
This paper highlights the concept 'knowledge and information society', reviews the status of libraries in Africa, and explores the challenges facing libraries in today's society. The study concludes that while some African libraries, and South African libraries in particular, are actively part of the knowledge and information society, the same cannot be said for most libraries in Africa.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 28 –39 (2009)More Less
This article explores the role that knowledge management (KM) can play to support governance, performance effectiveness, and service delivery in government agencies in Kenya. It further addresses the challenges and problems which act as impediments to introducing KM and engendering a knowledge society. A major factor impeding the effective introduction of knowledge management practices is that the Kenyan civil service is particularly embedded in bureaucracy and very few incentives are provided to encourage civil servants to generate, distribute and share knowledge and information. Many employees in the Kenyan civil service are traditional career civil servants, who cannot envisage and appreciate the potential of knowledge management and the benefits of knowledge leveraging. They are also wary of sharing knowledge, as they think that by hoarding knowledge they enhance their value and competitiveness. The paper is based on data derived from the literature that was integrated with results obtained from a study conducted by Ondari-Okemwa (2006) for a PhD research project.
Author Michiel MollSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 40 –45 (2009)More Less
South Africa has undergone a decade of curricular change that has evoked much debate, study and even condemnation. New terminology has entered the public domain. However this huge curriculum revolution had a curious passenger : Information Literacy. Prior to the release of Curriculum 2005, a bold new curriculum for Information Literacy was introduced for use in schools. With the advent of Curriculum 2005, with its totally new paradigm, one would have expected that the Information Literacy curriculum would have disappeared. However, in a somewhat surprising move, it appeared within the curriculum for the new 'Learning Area' : Languages, Literacy and Communication. Within this learning area it was found, intact, as one of the four Specific Outcomes, which were seen as the subdivisions of the subject. In the revision of the curriculum called the National Curriculum Statement this changed. This paper studies the position of Information Literacy within this curriculum, within each of the Learning Areas. It also outlines a practical exercise with education students to pinpoint their understanding and recommends actions for the better implementation of information literacy in schools.
Teaching and learning of information literacy in some selected institutions of higher learning in KwaZulu-Natal and MalawiSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 46 –57 (2009)More Less
Information literacy (IL) is a set of abilities that enable individuals to recognise when information is needed and to subsequently locate, evaluate, and utilise the required information. It enables people to interpret and make informed judgments as users of information sources, and also to become producers of information in their own right and thereby more active participants in society. Information literacy is the basis of lifelong learning. It is common across all disciplines, all learning environments, and all levels of education. This study, which was conducted among academic and library staff and students at the University of Zululand (Unizul) and the Durban University of Technology (DUT) in KwaZulu-Natal (SA) and Mzuzu University (Mzuni) in Malawi, reports on the offering and teaching of IL in these institutions of higher learning. The findings reveal that IL is offered and taught as a module at Unizul and as a course at Mzuni by their respective Departments of Library and Information Science, though not across all the faculties. At DUT, IL is only offered and taught by the library during the Library Orientation programme, campus wide. Problems encountered in the teaching and learning of IL include inadequate time, lack of computer skills, inadequate venues and equipment for teaching and students' practicals, and lack of cooperation. The study recommends that the module or course of IL should be incorporated into the university curricula of all three institutions, and the DUT should introduce a dedicated module or course in information literacy and embed it into the students' course materials. The three universities should also advertise to academic staff, students and decision makers the importance of having modules or courses in IL.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 58 –69 (2009)More Less
The main purpose of this study was to explore the level of network literacy among theological students at St. Joseph's Theological Institute. The survey research method was used and the data collected through a self-administered questionnaire and an in-depth interview with the Librarian. The entire population of 188 students was surveyed; only 65 students responded. Findings revealed that the major problems facing Internet users at St. Joseph's were the shortage of computers and lack of training in the use of Internet facilities. Further, students did not use a wide variety of Internet resources, had limited skills and knowledge to access networked information resources and made limited use of computer-mediated communication tools. Recommendations concerning network literacy at the Institute were made and suggestions for further research are put forward.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 70 –75 (2009)More Less
Library 2.0 is a controversial concept that stirs debate on many fronts. As the concept continues to arrest the attention of most library users and practitioners, a number of issues relating to its real nature emerge. One of these is the character of change it represents. While many library scholars and practitioners agree that Library 2.0 represents a change, they disagree on the nature of this change. Using a critical review of documentation and arguments on this subject, the authors identify three points of view on this change. Whereas some feel that the change is revolutionary and may drastically transform the profession - including renaming - others see it as an evolution of the current best practices to mould a better, user-centred service using modern technology. Still others see Library 2.0 as neither revolutionary nor evolutionary. This paper seeks to clarify these three points of view on the character of Library 2.0 change in libraries, as institutions, and in librarianship as a profession. It also recommends that while Library 2.0 should be seen as the latest instance in the development of the library and the services it offers, its role in facilitating participatory user-centric services should not be ignored.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 76 –85 (2009)More Less
Electronic resources represent a large portion of many libraries' information resources. This paper sets out how and why international and South African librarians keep statistics for electronic resources, which statistics are kept, and what the issues and concerns are with regard to statistics for electronic resources. The responses were very similar. The concerns raised by both international and South African libraries were found to be about the continued lack of standardisation among publishers' reporting of statistics; the time-consuming nature of data collection; the reliability of usage data; the fact that data should be looked at in context; and the management of the data. A concern raised in South Africa but not in the international literature is that some librarians do not understand the basic concepts of electronic resources usage statistics.
Towards global partnerships in research in Sub-Saharan Africa : an informetric study of the national, regional and international country collaboration in HIV / AIDS literature in eastern and southern AfricaAuthor Omwoyo Bosire OnyanchaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 86 –99 (2009)More Less
Research collaboration in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly being conducted internationally, perhaps due to the emphasis laid on international partnerships by international organisations such as the United Nations. Using informetric techniques, this paper explores the nature, extent and trends of HIV / AIDS research collaboration and also identifies countries that collaborate with Eastern and Southern African countries in HIV / AIDS research. The study reveals that interest in singly conducted HIV / AIDS research has been overtaken by collaborative research which registered more papers than the former in most countries. Although internal collaboration is largely visible, the trend shows an increased activity at the international level. This pattern can persist only if properly stipulated guidelines and policies on international research collaboration are strengthened or, where they do not exist, put in place to prevent fall-outs which have been recognised as factors influencing shifts in partnerships between countries. Cultivating trust and honesty among researchers is also recommended as one way of ensuring long-term collaborations and hence positioning Africa in the global collaboration map.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 100 –102 (2009)More Less
Since they believe reading to be fun and a wonderful privilege and opportunity to enter new and different worlds, parents, teachers and public librarians all strive to promote reading. They want kids to enjoy reading, and widen their horizons in the ongoing search for new and exciting authors. Often this is difficult, because kids claim to have read everything of interest, and the promoters' recommendations are limited by their own reading experiences and knowledge of authors a particular kid may like. Their only alternative is then to rely on what other parents, teachers and librarians recommend certainly a shortcoming in a world marked by a booming publishing industry and strong competition form the Internet and interactive computer games. Like the previous two editions, the latest edition of Who next ...? can help them to address this challenge by offering a ready reference work on children's fiction and authoritative recommendations on authors who write alike. What better way than a colourful, glossy, easy to handle publication to stimulate a child's reading interests and to widen his / her reading experiences and to save face in not admitting that you are at wits end in making a good recommendation?
Who else writes like ...? A readers' guide to fiction authors, Roy and Jeanne Huse (Eds.) : book reviewSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75 (2009)More Less
Similar to previous editions, it was a privilege to review the 5th edition of Who else writes like ...? It is an excellent publication which can widen the reading horizons of any serious reader who have exhausted all publications of their favourite authors, as well as those who have no idea how to pursue their interests in a particular genre such as crime or thrillers. Although a UK based publication, I believe Who else writes like ...? should be on the reference desks of all public libraries of English speaking countries. Serious readers can buy copies of their own which at £19.99 seems very affordable in comparison to average book prices, considering the hours of reading fun and exploration that may follow. It certainly would be a useful companion when visiting your local library or bookshop, and taking out books on behalf of the homebounded and busy spouses.
Author Delene PretoriusSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 75, pp 102 –103 (2009)More Less
This indexed monograph has been published simultaneously as The Reference Librarian, numbers 95/96, 2006.
This collection of articles has been divided into three sections :
Library case studies and research results
Standards and methods for evaluating virtual reference
Assessing library instruction in an online environment.