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- South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science
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- Volume 80, Issue 1, 2014
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 80, Issue 1, 2014
Volume 80, Issue 1, 2014
Cataloguing and Classification Education (CCE) and training in Library and Information Science/Studies departments in South AfricaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 1 –7 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-166More Less
Recent reports complain about the lack of cataloguers in South Africa to support Library and Information Services. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature, level, status and challenges of teaching cataloguing and classification in LIS schools in South Africa. Qualitative and quantitative methods, through a survey and content analysis, were employed in this study. All twelve LIS/IS departments in South Africa were targeted. Within these departments, the main sources of research data were the department heads and/or lecturers teaching cataloguing and classification, as well as the course outlines or study guides of cataloguing and classification modules or courses. Survey data was collected through interviews and largely through questionnaires that were emailed to the respondents in the various LIS departments. Content analysis was employed for curriculum and syllabus analysis. Most respondents agreed that CCE should be offered in its current form and some uniformity in the titling of courses should be achieved. While most CCE challenges are not new, intervention is still required, particularly with regards to Resource Description and Access (RDA) which must be addressed by LIS schools as soon as possible. This study informs cataloguing and classification education in South Africa, and perhaps elsewhere, by providing baseline information for the planning, teaching, marketing and recruiting of graduates qualified in the two research domains.
Author Jaya RajuSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-1403More Less
Since adopting an open access, online-only format in 2012, with its workflow managed via OJS (Open Journal Systems), SAJLIS has enjoyed almost a doubling of manuscript submissions. From receiving sixteen and fifteen manuscripts in the first and second semesters of 2013 respectively, the first half of 2014 saw close to thirty submissions to the journal, with many of these coming from African countries outside of South Africa and an increasing number from the Asian continent.
A survey of Information and Communication Technologies as enablers of knowledge capture and retention in three Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) public broadcasting corporationsAuthor Peterson DewahSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 8 –17 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-179More Less
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play an important role in capturing and retaining vital tacit and explicit knowledge which is at risk of loss, yet which an organisation may need for its operations. It is therefore incumbent upon organisations to harness and retain important organisational tacit and explicit knowledge. Between 2009 and 2011 the researcher undertook a survey of ICTs as enablers in knowledge capture and retention in three public broadcasting corporations in the SADC region in order to address the following specific research questions: What is the level of computer literacy among broadcasting staff? At what stage of internet connectivity is each broadcasting corporation and how accessible is the internet to staff members? What ICT infrastructure is available in public broadcasting corporations for knowledge capture and sharing? To what extent do employees have access to various ICTs for knowledge transfer and retention? Which technologies are used to retrieve, share and disseminate knowledge? The study employed the survey method and triangulation of qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews, observations and content analysis of the three broadcasting corporations' reports and other documents. The major findings were that the three organisations are at different stages of technological advancement, not all offices are computerised, not all employees have access to the internet at work, and telephones are widely used for communication and sharing knowledge. To improve on the use of ICTs for knowledge capture and retention, the organisations need to make available various technologies, computerise all offices, two organisations need proper internet connectivity, and employees should have access to the internet to encourage sharing of knowledge and collaborative activities with other organisations.
Indigenous Knowledge use in seasonal weather forecasting in Tanzania : the case of semi-arid central TanzaniaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 18 –27 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-180More Less
This paper is based on part of the findings of a PhD study that was carried out to determine how farmers have used indigenous knowledge (IK) to adapt to climate change and variability in the semi-arid region of central Tanzania. Two villages, Maluga and Chibelela, were used as the case studies. The study applied Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations theory and model. It adopted a predominantly qualitative approach and a post-positivist paradigm. The study population was made up of farmers, agricultural extension officers and the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa project manager. The principal data collection methods were interviews and focus group discussions. The qualitative data collected were subjected to content analysis whereas quantitative data were analysed with the help of SPSS to generate descriptive statistics. The findings revealed that the farmers in the two villages under study perceive conventional information on weather as unreliable and untimely. Consequently, the farmers turned to IK to predict weather patterns and make the necessary farming adjustments. It was established that uncertainty about seasonal weather forecasts is one of the most critical factors which forces farmers to continue using IK. Farmers' knowledge of birds, insects, plants, animals, wind direction and astronomical indicators is used to predict weather patterns. The recommendations include the provision of timely and accurate weather forecast information to the farmers to enhance their coping and adaptation strategies under varying climate conditions; and a clear policy framework on the dissemination of information related to weather patterns in rural Tanzania.
Quantitative analysis of research trends in a leading ecological journal : bibliometric study during 2003-2012Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 27 –40 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-181More Less
The journal Ecology is one of the premier journals in the field of ecology, published by the Ecological Society of America. Ten volumes of the journal containing 120 issues from 2003 to 2012 have been taken into consideration for the present study that carries out a bibliometric analysis of the 3,359 papers and 164,369 references of this journal. The analysis covers parameters like growth pattern, authorship pattern and author productivity, with most productive countries and institutions. Out of 3,359 contributions, only 410 were single-authored and the rest were multi-authored with a Collaboration Coefficient of 0.21. Applicability of Lotka's Law has been tested. The most productive institution was the University of California at Davis, with 183 publications. The United States of America topped the list of countries with 2,188 papers, while South Africa occupied eighteenth position.
Author Constance BitsoSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 41 –51 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-1388More Less
This article investigates internet censorship in South Africa using a set of negative and positive internet censorship trends adapted from Bitso, Fourie and Bothma (2012) to raise awareness in light of increasing global internet censorship and South Africa's involvement in a proposal for inter-governmental policy on the internet. Both positive and negative internet censorship trends are noted. The investigation reveals that South Africa has the highest level of media freedom in Africa. However, there are three concerns highlighted that might have a bearing on internet censorship in South Africa. Firstly, there is the formulation of legislation that might impact on the use of information, in particular the Protection of State Information Bill (2010). As such, various campaigns and cyber actions were made against this Bill because it is deemed to entrench information censorship. Secondly, there is the hacking of South African government websites, including that of the police on more than one occasion. This warrants internet censorship in order to combat crime as well as to ensure safety and security. Thirdly, there is the increasing challenge of spam and malware that calls for filtering to protect systems such as servers.
The use of libraries and information centres by agricultural researchers and extension workers in ZimbabweAuthor Tinashe MugwisiSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80, pp 52 –62 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7553/80-1-1390More Less
Access to information through libraries and information centres, among others, enhances the timeliness and quality of such information. This study sought to establish how agricultural researchers and extension workers in Zimbabwe utilise libraries and information centres in the course of their work. Data was collected through a questionnaire which was distributed to agricultural researchers and extension workers. Data was analysed using SPSS and content analysis. The results showed that the majority of researchers have access to libraries within the Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanisation and Irrigation Development's research and extension divisions, while the majority of extension workers do not have access to these library services. The absence of access to libraries confirms why the majority of extension workers consult print sources and departmental collections first, and their preference for using publications in disseminating information to farmers. The respondents also utilise alternative sources of information, including circulars from the Ministry of Agriculture's head office, personal and departmental collections, media sources (newspapers, radio, audio materials), and other libraries. University libraries are the most-utilised alternative choice. Libraries in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) were also mentioned as alternatives. The libraries of the Ministry are generally not adequately equipped to support the information needs of researchers and extension workers and, although the Central Library's strength is reflected in the availability of and access to databases, the inability of users to access these resources from other centres or institutes cancels this advantage. The Ministry of Agriculture does not have a "visible policy" regarding the management of information generated by its departments and resources are only concentrated in one locality. The study recommends the allocation of resources, both human and material, and the maximisation of the use of available electronic resources, which are otherwise underutilised.