n Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Unpacking four sequential modes of knowledge conversion in managing indigenous knowledge

Volume 12, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1683-0296



This article is based on the study that investigated how indigenous knowledge can be managed using Ikujurio Nonaka's model, known as the knowledge creation theory. The problem investigated in this article pertains to the threats that are mostly likely to lead to the demise of indigenous knowledge (IK) if no proper mechanisms are put in place to preserve it. To achieve the aforementioned aim, the article critically examined four modes of the knowledge creation theory, namely socialisation, externalisation, internalisation and combination. A literature survey was conducted across a broad spectrum of sources including conference papers, books, journals and the internet. The findings show that this theory is extremely useful in managing tacit knowledge such as indigenous knowledge. Hence it has been widely applied in organisations and communities to manage knowledge by capturing, storing, processing, retrieving and disseminating it. The strength of this theory is based on recognising, generating, transferring and managing tacit knowledge across time and space. It therefore centres on building both tacit and explicit knowledge and the interchange between them through internalisation and externalisation. The knowledge creation theory is the best model to capture, create, leverage and retain knowledge.

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