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- Volume 2, Issue 2, 2003
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 2, Issue 2, 2003
Volume 2, Issue 2, 2003
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 1 –14 (2003)More Less
This paper discusses an experience of relying on indigenous knowledge to resolve a communal conflict between two Nigerian local communities. The authors were working in one of the communities when conflict erupted, and had to initiate moves to restore peace and normality. They relied largely on information on the cultural organisation and knowledge system of the conflicting communities gathered through rapid group and individual interviews with members of the communities. Indigenous knowledge and values proved to be the golden key which unlocked the door to peace between the warring communities. The paper contends that peace facilitators in a communal conflict situation need to be responsive and sensitive to the indigenous cultural and knowledge systems and values of the communities they work with, if they are to make any sustainable impact.
Author Otsile NtsoaneSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 15 –25 (2003)More Less
This article is written as a result of the observation that most African communities have lost their old forums for systematically consolidating their knowledge base and for sustaining local means of resolving problems and conflict. This article aims at taking us back to community power which was exercised by wise women and men. As wise people the elders 'work for the peaceful resolution of differences between and among people' and they bring people together for these purposes. <br>Through the use of narrative, the author shows that a problem-solving approach that posits that conflict is not something that has to be won, but rather something that has to be solved, is the most democratic and sustainable way of handling conflict. This article intends to advocate and reinforce this idea. The article also shows, without specific reference, that western approaches to peace have proven themselves unequal to the task of ensuring peaceful coexistence in the African environment.
Africa and the problem of the state : can African traditional authority and the Western liberal state be reconciled?Author Herbert W. VilakaziSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 27 –36 (2003)More Less
The article discusses and analyse the tragedy of Africa, played out in the refusal of African leaders and elites to accept and implement a compromise between African traditional authority, on one hand, and the form of State they inherited from their colonial masters, on the other hand. The focus of the discussion is on the issue of the form of State in South Africa, and on the issue of African traditional authority. The question that is dealt with is whether African traditions of political leadership and political rule can be reconciled with modern democracy. propose, for all levels of government, a legislative assembly with two chambers, one elected through universal franchise, and the second non-elected
Author T.R. FasolaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 37 –44 (2003)More Less
The leading role of Nigerian women in forest development has been highlighted. As repositories of knowledge in the uses of forest products, a list of forty-nine plants belonging to 34 Families commonly collected by women, their uses, and parts of the plant used are provided. As the women's activities concerning the forests are predominantly in herbal medicinal trade, they promote peace and harmony among ethnic groups through their activities. Thus plants such as Aristolochia ringens, Allium sativum found in Northern Nigeria and Tetrapleura tetraptera, Xylopia aethiopica commonly found in the South are exchanged through herbal trade. The article argues that the activities of women that engender conflict prevention, should be encouraged.
Mr Napite's botanical knowledge : bridging farmers' and scientists' insights during participatory researchSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 45 –57 (2003)More Less
When farmers and scientists engage in participatory research, differences in their knowledge systems ought to be taken into account. Mr Napite is a farmer and plant expert with whom we studied relationships between soil fertility and fallow vegetation on the Makonde plateau in South Eastern Tanzania. Though his broad and detailed botanical knowledge is recognised by other local experts, this does not provide him any particular social status. Although he received extensive formal training, his botanical knowledge draws largely on personal and traditional concepts. Clear morphological characteristics, other than the reproductive related organs, are the key features he uses for identifying and classifying plants. His knowledge of plant species and their ecology is of comparable complexity with that of scientific knowledge. Though this is intricately linked to cultural aspects, this study illustrates that it is possible to bridge farmers' and scientists' insights during participatory research.
Indigenous healthcare practice through medicinal plants from forests by the Mro tribe in Bandarban region, BangladeshSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 61 –73 (2003)More Less
An exploratory study was conducted on the ethno-botanical perception of the Mro tribe of Bandarban, Bangladesh, to focus on the implications of healthcare using medicinal plants collected from forests. A total of 36 households were assessed using different participatory appraisals through semi-structured questionnaire. The Mro were found to be almost completely dependent on the forest for their medicare. The dimension of dependency reflected their ethno-botanical knowledge. A total of 39 medicinal plant species (8 herbs, 12 shrubs, 6 creepers and 13 trees) were recorded as collected from the forests. The findings of the study concludes that the conservation of the indigenous knowledge of the Mro tribe regarding medicinal plants can conserve the forests as well as give the people the Intellectual Property Rights according to the principles of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992. This may be a forest conservation tool in the tribal area in Bangladesh.
A survey of the ethnozoological knowledge of honey bees, Apis mellifera, in Ijebu division of south western NigeriaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 75 –87 (2003)More Less
A survey of the ethnozoological knowledge of honey bee <I>Apis mellifera</I> in Ijebu division of South western Nigeria was carried out to examine the pattern of invasion, control methods of their invasion and their effects in life and economy of the people which also include the medicinal and traditional utilization. The Survey was carried out between July and October 2002. 180 questionnaires were administered among the rural based farmers, herbalists, Alfa's, pastors and some literates. <br>The results of the study revealed that the majority of interviewees mentioned using fire, i.e., burning method as the most effective method of controlling bee invasion. Also, 94.4% of the people reported that spraying insecticides is also effective respectively. In addition, honeys are useful item for ritual purposes as well as essential material for curing ailments.