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- Volume 5, Issue 1, 2006
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 5, Issue 1, 2006
Volume 5, Issue 1, 2006
Author Queeneth Nokulunga MkabelaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp V –VIII (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... v FOREWORD TOWARDS A HOLISTIC (INDILINGA) APPROACH TO INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS SCHOLARSHIP Queeneth Nokulunga Mkabela It has been four years since Indilinga was launched at the African Renaissance Conference during 2002 in Durban. We have received articles from all over the world including many from Africa. It is with great pleasure to announce that Indilinga is now an accredited journal by the Department of Education (South Africa). To be accredited means that the journal is a recognised research output meeting specified criteria and eligible for subsidisation by the Department of Education. Its status brings it to the mainstream of knowledge ..
Author Philip HiggsSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 1 –11 (2006)More Less
Indigenous African knowledge systems are concerned with local knowledge. But the question that this raises is how valid is such local knowledge? Can such local knowledge be generalized and claim universal validity? Or stated differently, what is the epistemic foundation of local knowledge? This article sets out to reflect critically on the epistemic status of local knowledge and concludes with a defence of local knowledge based on work done in the anthropology of science.
Author Kwasi KonaduSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 12 –25 (2006)More Less
This article argues that resort to and competency in the deployment of indigenous knowledge archives are a prerequisite rather than a supplement for studying African life and phenomena, and I use the Bono (Akan) of West Africa and a shared dimension of African cultural knowledge - indigenous medicinal knowledge - to elucidate this position. The issue is not that indigenous knowledge has not been valuated inasmuch some revere European archives but rather indigenous archives have been left malnourished and after our hiatus to 'things Western, ' the realization is that the latter can provide its own interpretative perspective on African realities. Indigenous African archives of knowledge 'have things to say, ' which presupposes that these archives have a language that functions as a repository and transmitter of culture - in spiritual, conceptual, and material terms - and serves as a nexus between the life of this language and the life of its speakers. The production of knowledge on indigenous therapeutic or other systems, especially from the perspective of indigenous specialists and the culture in which they are a part, are challenges left in abeyance. The following, therefore, represents an attempt to explore the relationship between indigenous medicine and the proverbial, 'gold weight, ' adinkra symbolism, and oral narrative archives of the Akan. <br>"The same tree that just stands there dumbly to everyone, to the healer its leaves have things to say. The healer learns the meaning of the river's sound, of the sounds of the forest animals. And when he [or she] needs the curing spirit from a plant, if his [or her] eyes are well prepared, he [or she] may see from a great distance some small sign of the leaf that is ready to be taken."
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 26 –31 (2006)More Less
Since the ancient time, plant medicine has been an important part of health care system in Africa. Today, some medicinal plant species face extinction due to extensive use by man and there is no guarantee that we will continue to benefit indefinitely from this valuable resource. Too often in the past, the contributions of the indigenous people to conservation have been ignored or belittled. Yet indigenous peoples control most of the world's remaining natural areas either consciously or unconsciously through their traditional practice and often have a strong conservation ethic. This paper reports on the influence of indigenous knowledge systems on conservation of medicinal plants in the rural communities of Guruve district of Zimbabwe. The methods are associated with taboos and social beliefs. Collaboration amongst traditional healers, researchers and policy makers could build the encouragement of such customary practices in our modern ways of conservation to ensure continued plant diversity.
Author Patrick IroegbuSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 32 –49 (2006)More Less
Educating healers of the indigenous health care category has long been mixed with confusing options in the collaborative processes and strategies. This article examines the mobilization of healers in Nigeria with educational package of a university which contrasts the originality and professionalism of indigenous knowledge and competency. It argues that helping healers to come to terms with scientific jargons may be good, but fashioning them in the way of western system of plant science and pharmacopeia that is unaligned with their cultural root will endanger them rather than produce results. The paper suggests that caution is necessary and calls for a positive bridge between sources of empowerment in a way that would assist the practitioners in their endogenous expert roles.
Author Lovemore J. NyaumweSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 50 –61 (2006)More Less
This paper argues that each culture has its unique applications of mathematical concepts. It presents this argument by showing how the Great Zimbabwe Monument that was built between the 12<sup>th</sup> and 14<sup>th</sup> century applied some geometrical concepts that some secondary school students in Zimbabwe find difficult to comprehend. Examples of how different trades in Zimbabwe apply mathematical concepts with precision without the practitioners receiving formal education are drawn from common cultural economic activities. The discussion exposes some benefits that secondary school students might derive from the inclusion of ethnomathematics in their curriculum. The inclusion might facilitate the implementation of child-centred instructional practices that view mathematical knowledge as context based and a social construct that continuously evolve from human activities to solve emerging social needs. In conclusion the paper highlights the implications for including ethnomathematics in the secondary school and teacher education curricula.
Author Rotimi FasanSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 62 –74 (2006)More Less
Language is generally regarded as a mechanism for human communication. It is, in this sense, a linguistic system of communication. It can, therefore, be either written or spoken and conveys meanings that are shared within a speech community. The article exposes the relevance of language as engaged in conflict management by the Yoruba. It also examines the connection between language and conflict management, how language as a communicative tool can and has been employed in the management of conflict among the Yoruba, within the wider context of the African experience
Author O.D. KolawoleSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 75 –86 (2006)More Less
This paper explores the indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) approaches to soil conservation in Nigeria. It specifically identifies various indigenous/local and modern methods employed in the process of utilizing an integrated approach to soil conservation by all stakeholders (local farmers, governmental and non-governmental organisations) to preserve the structures, water and nutrient retention and augmentation of the soil. It also reports some crucial factors associated with the utilisation of indigenous knowledge systems for soil fertility conservation by farmers. The article further presents a conceptual framework on the interrelationship between culture and the development and utilisation of local knowledge by the grassroots people. The current global campaign for the preservation of knowledge systems and the use of low-external input to stem environmental degradation inform the emphases on the need to build or improve on existing local knowledge in order to enhance meaningful and sustainable development.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 87 –96 (2006)More Less
A survey of some vertebrates used in traditional medical practices was carried out among the Ijebu and Ibadan people of southwestern Nigeria. Open-ended structured questionnaires were administered on 50 traders at five markets namely Oja-Oba, Bode and Oje in Ibadan; Ita-Osu in Ijebu-Ode and Obada in Ijebu-Igbo. Eighty percent (80%) of the traders were females, sixty-four percent (64%) were Muslims, sixty-two percent (62%) were primary school leavers while forty percent (40%) were between the ages of 36-45 years. The zootherapeutic uses of the wild vertebrates claimed by these traders ranged from the cure of skin dryness, rheumatism, epilepsy, leprosy, impotency, infertility, healing of wounds and preparation of aphrodisiacs. Other uses include the preparation of charms or amulets for protection, good fortune, reverence from peers and elders and money ritual. Sixteen of the forty species surveyed were listed as threatened in the Nigeria's Endangered Species (Control of International Trade and Traffic) Decree No 11 of 1985. It is therefore a necessity to conduct further research in order to authenticate the abovementioned therapeutic claims. It is also imperative to educate these traders on the effect of their trade on the threatened species and the likely resultant impact on biodiversity and by extension the Nation as a whole.