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- Volume 5, Issue 2, 2006
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 5, Issue 2, 2006
Volume 5, Issue 2, 2006
Author Queeneth Nokulunga MkabelaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp V –IX (2006)More Less
Author Philip NelSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 99 –107 (2006)More Less
The title of the paper requires some brief reflection on the main topics implied. It is appropriate to start off with a definition of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) as well as a statement regarding the constitutional status of a community. Thereafter I will expand on the merits of IKS towards community development as well as the possible negative implications of the ideological rhetorics surrounding IKS. I will then try to define a more productive space for the IKS debate and relate it also to "communities in the making". It becomes apparent that "communities" of different character may share communal identity and participation in sacred spaces exactly because of the indigenous knowledge they share. These spaces should be protected in a way which ensures continuity of the dynamics of community constructed as yet not fully accounted for.
Author Jose P. CastianoSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 108 –124 (2006)More Less
The article explores the roots of Community-Based-Research (CBR) in Africa. The main questions are: How to access the knowledge produced and circulated within communities and make them subject of teaching in schools? Can we derive methodological questions that could be related specifically to the African context from the CBR as it is being implemented? The exposition of these questions is illustrated with examples focused on education. Mozambique is used as an example to discuss the possibility of merging local and universal knowledge through community based research which informs curricula changes in primary schools.
Author Severino Elias NgoenhaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 125 –134 (2006)More Less
Ultra-liberalism and globalization are carried by large international economic organizations. Since the second half of the twentieth century, they have been the vectors of an increasing injustice and have widened inequalities between rich countries and the poor countries, the North and the South. These three meta-narratives - ultra-liberalism, globalization and (in)justice - mobilize a growing number of intellectuals. The main question is: can liberalism achieve a planetary justice, and, if the answer is no, which alternative model can one think of?
Through the concept of Ubuntu (restorative justice), South Africa and African philosophy contribute, by their specific contribution in terms of practices and theory, to the debate of political philosophy to which justice is central. In theorizing the concept of Ubuntu, African philosophy could bring the first important contribution of the African continent in the philosophical - or multi-field - debate, which largely exceeds the African dimension.
By recalling the history and the bonds between the Afro-Americans and South African Renaissance, this text develops the concept of Ubuntu and suggests how this concept makes it possible to weave - or reweave - the relations at the planetary level rather than to deepen wounds. By exceeding the concept of punitive justice, we can imagine globalization not as an economic apartheid but as a world made of the recognition of one humanity equal in dignity.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 135 –144 (2006)More Less
Discerning visitors to Africa typically have an 'ancestral-roots' experience on encountering an essential humanity and communal spirituality which may seem lacking in their home communities. This is scarcely surprising when it is considered that converging lines of evidence from various scientific disciplines all point consistently to Africa as the cradle of civilisation for all humanity.
In its original, essential and literal meaning, psychology is concerned with the breath, energy, consciousness, soul or spirit of life that leaves a person at death and continues in some other form. Such an essential and spiritual form of psychology, still practiced internationally, has its roots in African communal spirituality and spiritual community. Today, such reality remains concretely apparent in the experience of the Zulu diviner of being "breathed" by the ancestors during the divine healing process (ukububula kwedlozi) and in the mobilising of spiritual healing power (umoya) by African Indigenous Church faith healers.
The aim of this paper is to make clear some of the implications of this ancient theme of African breathing and spiritual healing for the promotion of health for contemporary humanity.
The impact of khomba - a Shangaan cultural rite of passage - on the formal schooling of girls and on women's space in the Chikombedzi area in ZimbabweSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 145 –156 (2006)More Less
The study sought to establish the content and epistemology of the Khomba curriculum and assess its impact on the formal education of girls and on women's space in general. The ethnographic case study was used as the design. Non-structured and non-scheduled interviews as well as observations were used to get an insight of Khomba. The study established that the curriculum content of Khomba is designed along gender lines. It sets one form of knowledge to be suitable for women and not for men. The Khomba ceremony seems to tell initiates that they are 'ripe' for marriage and hence divert their attention from formal education. The curriculum teaches women to internalize their own subordinate status, to view themselves of lesser value and diminishes their sense of their own rights. By so doing, Khomba restricts women's space both in terms of their condition and position in society and restricts women to the reproductive sphere. The study recommends that the Ubuntuism framework be used to reform the Khomba curriculum so as to engender the cultural practice and create a gender responsive environment in the district.
Traditional farming and indigenous knowledge systems in Africa : perspective from the Ikale-Yoruba experienceAuthor Olukoya OgenSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 157 –166 (2006)More Less
This paper argues that the abysmal failure of conventional agricultural techniques in Africa has made it critically necessary for Africa's agricultural policies to evolve from its age-long indigenous agricultural technologies. The study, therefore, highlights several instances of the application of indigenous knowledge to the Ikale farming system. Essentially, the adequate utilisation of the Ikale's indigenous knowledge system enabled Ikale farmers to become the undisputed regional experts in food crop production in southeastern Yorubaland during the period under review. The paper concludes that modern approaches to agricultural development in Africa will continue to fail unless they take into consideration Africa's home-grown innovative farming techniques and indigenous knowledge systems.
Farmers' knowledge and experience of indigenous insect pest control in the Eastern Cape province of South AfricaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 167 –174 (2006)More Less
This study was conducted to document the knowledge of small-scale farmers regarding indigenous insect pest control methods in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A survey was carried out using a combination of questionnaires and Focus Group Discussions. More than 70% of the farmers were literate, with both males (46%) and females (54%) actively involved in farming. 58% of the farmers were pensioners. Crops cultivated included maize and vegetables. The level of pest awareness among the farmers was high (92%), with over 70% of farmers relying on synthetic insecticides for pest control. 63% percent of the farmers were, however, were aware of indigenous methods of insect pest control. Unfortunately, such methods are currently being neglected and knowledge of their application was found to be eroding. It is necessary to re-popularise the indigenous methods of insect control given that they are mostly safer and cheaper than synthetic insecticides.
Ethnozoological trade and practices among the Ijebu people of South-Western Nigeria and the impact on some mammalian speciesSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 5, pp 175 –187 (2006)More Less
A survey of some mammals useed in ethnozoological practices was carried out among the Ijebu people of South-Western Nigeria. Open-ended, structured questionnaires were administered to 60 traders at various markets in five towns, namely, Ijebu-Ode, Ijebu- Imusin, Ijebu-Ife, Ijebu-Igbo and Sagamu. Ninety percent (90%) of the traders were females, sixty-four percent (64%) were traditonalists, seventy-five percent (75%) had no formal education and thirty-three percent (33%) were between the ages of 36-45 years. The traders claimed the wild vertebrates had an array of zootherapeutic uses. These ranged from cures of bone pains and rheumatism, kleptomania, leprosy, impotency, infertility, healing of wounds and bone fractures and the preparation of aphrodisiacs. Other uses included the preparation of charms or amulets for protection, good fortune, reverence from peers and elders, love charms and money rituals. Eleven of the twenty-three species surveyed were listed as threatened in Nigeria's Endangered Species (Control of International Trade and Traffic) Decree 11 of 1985 and the Control of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Some of these include leopard, pangolin, gorilla, colobus monkey, wildcat and chimpanzee. Further research is necessary to authenticate the therapeutic claims of the traders. It is also important to educate the traders and people in general on the effect of their trade on the threatened species and the likely impact on biodiversity.