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- Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems
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- Volume 6, Issue 2, 2007
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 6, Issue 2, 2007
Volume 6, Issue 2, 2007
Indigenous knowledge systems a sine-qua-non in the conception and maintenance of sustainable development : forewordAuthor Queeneth MkabelaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp v –ix (2007)More Less
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 87 –101 (2007)More Less
The Durban beachfront is enriched by the presence of the isiZulu Women beadmakers. Their colourful array of beaded items (products) are skillfully made by them and then sold to locals and tourists. What is interesting is the social dynamics of sharing and learning the skill and knowledge of beading that is evident among these women. We asked three women to be volunteers in this research as we were interested in exploring their processes of learning beading. We used a naturalistic, interpretive qualitataive case study approach to give meaning to the experiences that each women had. The data collection methods included semi-structured interviews and visual data (photographs of the products). The qualitative data collected for the research was analysed using an ongoing process of inductive analysis. The findings reveal that their experience of making beaded items moved from an essential historico-socio-cultural one to an essential socio-culturoeconomic one. What was very significant was the intense social learning that took place among the women, in a casual, free and high spirited manner. Sharing and learning was so necessary and acceptable
Managing tensions and forging creative synergies between indigenous and modern settlement planning concepts and practices : lessons for the design and planning for sustainable settlements and built-forms in Southern AfricaAuthor Tshenesani Nigel TapelaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 102 –116 (2007)More Less
The article explores the apparent similarities in conceptions of space utilization, security and sustainability, deriving from the nature of dwelling and settlement design, how these articulated the existing modes of production of space, society and the economy - and therefore could be reproduced sustainably. The article also explores the planning principles, design concepts, standards and norms used in the planning and building of indigenous African settlements and dwellings and suggests that, by tapping into rich traditions of indigenous planning systems, the organic link between sustainable resource utilization and livelihood sustenance can be enriched.
Knowledge management models and their utility to the effective management and integration of indigenous knowledge with other knowledge systemsSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 117 –131 (2007)More Less
Although indigenous knowledge is key to the development of sub Saharan Africa and the preservation of its societal memory, it is fast disappearing due to a variety of reasons. One of the strategies that may assist in the management and preservation of indigenous knowledge is the utilization of knowledge management models. This article shows that knowledge management models may also offer a window of opportunity to manage and integrate indigenous knowledge into other knowledge systems. Despite the fact that knowledge management models tend to focus on business or organizational settings with formal structures, they may be adapted to manage knowledge in local communities. Knowledge management should not be restricted to "closed" business systems with formal structures. It can also be practiced in open systems or in "the wild" as expressed by Hutchins (1995). However, the ways in which communities can access and manage their knowledge assets remains a major challenge to those involved in the preservation and management of indigenous knowledge.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 132 –142 (2007)More Less
In Africa there are a number of languages spoken, some of which have their own indigenous scripts that are used for writing. In this paper we assess these languages and present an in-depth script analysis for the Amharic writing system, one of the well-known indigenous scripts of Africa. Amharic is the official and working language of Ethiopia and one of the few transnational African languages that function as lingua franca. This is an attempt to analyse scripts of African language to ease document analysis and understanding with the help of information communication and technology. We believe researchers will continue exploring African indigenous languages and their scripts to be part of the revolving information technology for local development. We also highlighted problems related to the scripts that have bearings in the analysis and understanding of African language documents. Among others, the use of a large number of characters in writing and existence of a large set of visually similar character pairs, are some of the major problems that makes research in the area of document analysis and understanding much more challenging than that of Latin-based scripts.
A physical education curriculum enriched with indigenous Zulu games for improved social development through cross-cultural interactionAuthor Charl J. RouxSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 143 –151 (2007)More Less
The article is based on a study which was aimed at enriching the physical education curriculum with indigenous Zulu games for the promotion of cross-cultural interaction between the learners in the multicultural classroom. Therefore, it was necessary to assess these indigenous Zulu games' potential in obtaining overt educational outcomes related to the cognitive, affective, psychomotor and social development of the learners. Quantitative and qualitative data were triangulated to constitute context and gather data from isiZulu-speaking participants (N=274). A sample of 217 grade seven learners and 57 adults participated in the research. The dissemination and presentation of indigenous Zulu games as means for reaching educational outcomes hold significant potential and value for curriculum enrichment and social inclusion in the South African school context.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 152 –163 (2007)More Less
This paper is an attempt to re-examine a culturally located social schema of ubuntuism. Ubuntuism is a moral philosophy of traditional African societies. To put the paper into perspective, first, a conceptual analysis of ubuntu is presented. This analysis provides understanding of the concept in ways that facilitate readers to develop an appreciation of the moral philosophy that bound together traditional African communities. The purpose for re-examining the concept of ubuntuism is presented so as to stimulate awareness of how and why traditional African communities maintained high moral standards rather than advocating a return to the past African living style. Romanticism of ubuntuism in the general practice of cultural values is presented next, drawing examples from successful areas where cooperative activities were conducted. Later, the bad effects of the influence of westernization are presented showing that the values initially perceived as modernization later turned to be a weapon that promoted the perpetuation of individualism, greedy, and erosion of some traditional African cultural values leading to moral decadence in some citizens. Blending of modernization and ubuntuism is later presented with the hope that the blending may reduce the social evils such as crime, corruption, and treatment of the HIV / Aids scourge that are prevalent in some African countries with a united front. Resuscitating ubuntuism in the young generation is presented towards the end of the paper through promotion of cooperation among students learning subjects using local contexts. The conclusion of the paper focuses on some challenges that future discourse on ubuntuism could focus on and the implications of the paper to African educators on the continent.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 164 –176 (2007)More Less
This article examines some African, Indian and Chinese patterns of energy healing in order to explicate common forms. All accept, as a given, the existence of a universal energy to which everyone has access. All extol a form of healing energy and some form of conscious breathwork, with relative emphases on ancestors, meditation and movement in African, Indian and Chinese patterns respectively. Illness is viewed as a disruption or stagnation of energy patterns which need continual channeling, mobilisation, balancing and harmonisation for optimal health.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 177 –187 (2007)More Less
There are historical, institutional and cultural differences that influence teaching and learning in South African universities. There are also different beliefs about how relevance and responsiveness are constituted, and about the pedagogical principles that should apply in transferring knowledge (Council on Higher Education 2004: 101). In recognition of these differences, we argue in this article that an African educational discourse can make a significant contribution to teaching and learning in South African universities.
Author Mbodi KhorombiSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 188 –195 (2007)More Less
Lake Fundudzi is located in the Limpopo Province of South Africa below the escarpment of the Soutpansberg Mountains. It is the only natural fresh water lake to be found in South Africa and it is believed that the lake was formed by a mountain landslide that blocked the flow of the Mutale River resulting in the accumulation of the water body on the upper side of the river (van der Waal 1997). The Venda tribe considers the Lake sacred, especially the Vhatavhatsindi clan who act as the custodians of the lake. The Vhatavhatsindi Royal Family practices their religious rituals and burial customs in and around the lake. These traditional practices and beliefs (myth) gave the lake and the surrounding area a sacred status that limited exploitation by surrounding communities for many years.
Ethnobotany and endogenous conservation of irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte) Baill. in traditional agroforestry systems in BeninSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 6, pp 196 –209 (2007)More Less
The bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) is a multipurpose species Dahomey gap. Its fruits (even nonmatured) are systematically gathered for consumption and marketing. Few studies have been done on the ethnobotany and endogenous practices determining its conservation of the species in Benin. This study aims to produce a database on those aspects in Benin.
Two hundred and sixty-three people from the six major socio-cultural groups were interviewed for ethnobotanical knowledge capitalization. Moreover, six hundred and twenty-six hectares of farmland belonging to two hundred and ten peasants were explored to characterize three hundred and thirty-three trees of I. Gabonensis for potential endogenous conservation factors. Twenty-five various uses were identified in rural construction (four per cent), in food (eight per cent), energetic (eight per cent), socio-cultural (twelve per cent) and therapeutic (sixty-eight per cent) ways. Global knowledge's levels vary significantly between socio-cultural groups (P < 0,0001). Global knowledge's uses also vary significantly (P < 0,0001) and knowledge of the socio-cultural groups varies significantly according to uses (P < 0,0001). In Benin, 49,25% of I gabonensis trees are well protected in the traditional agroforestry systems after their first fructification. Moreover, four factors influence significantly their conservation: (i) the parasitism level of fruits and trees (X2 = 116,57; P < 0,0001), (ii) the dÃ©partement, origin of peasants (X2 = 78,92; P < 0,0001), (iii) the principal agriculture of the peasant (X2 = 54,73; P < 0,0001) and (iv) the endogenous perception on the fruits 'ideotypes' produced by the trees (X2 = 4,48; P = 0,0343).