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- Volume 23, Issue 2, 2002
Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies - Volume 23, Issue 2, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 23, Issue 2, 2002
Author W.A.M. CarstensSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp VIII –IX (2002)More Less
Die interaksie tussen taalkunde en letterkunde bly 'n aktuele studie- en navorsingsterrein, bloot geoordeel op grond van die hoeveelheid publikasies wat gereeld vanuit tekslinguistiese, diskoersanalitiese, stilistiese, literêr-semantiese, vertaalkundige, ens. hoek hieroor verskyn. Heelwat ander publikasies hieroor het ook al die lig gesien.
Author W.J. BothaSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 1 –13 (2002)More Less
Context : a mechanism for the creation of metaphor
When the new South African Constitution was adopted on 8 May 1996, theformer Deputy President Thabo Mbeki - president since June 1999 - madea statement on behalf of the ANC. In his address he used the expression "Iam an African" in an extraordinary way: to promote the idea of a "rainbownation". From a cognitive linguistic view this article analyses the developmentof the metaphor status of this specific expression against thebackground of relevant contextual variables. It is argued that the speechcontext functions in various ways: it filters information from differentconceptual experience domains; it explicates the generic space to somedegree, contrary to its customary role in the creation of a metaphor, inwhich case the generic space functions at a low level of description; and assuch it links the source and target domains of the relevant metaphoricexpression. Although the expression "I am an African" reveals a characteristicmetaphorical structure, cross-domain mapping in this instance takesan opposite route due to the fact that this expression acquires its metaphoricalfeatures at deep-rooted levels of conceptual blending, instigatedby the specific speech context.
Author Jan BuscopSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 15 –31 (2002)More Less
A structural-semantic view of the discourse between Job and Cloete
This article examines an aspect of the interaction between linguistics andliterature. It is argued that the structural-semantic theory as developed byA.J. Greimas provides a useful approach in guiding the reader towards arealisation of a coherent whole in literary texts. Possibilities for theapplication and amplification as well as the usefulness in literature areexamined, resulting in the identification of isotopies by means of whichcohesion can be attained. In structural semantics an isotopy is thebackbone of textual analysis - an isotopy being constituted by sememes,compelled by nuclear and textual semes, within the topos alignment ofclassemes. The Job-texts written by T.T. Cloete in the "transkripsie" and"perifrase" section of Idiolek are used as sample texts. The article attempsto indicate that structural semantics as theory, and especially itsamplification as put forward in this article, is able to provide heuristicguidance in tracing the Job/Cloete discourse.
Language through literature through language : an action research report on the English 100 course at the University of North West : research articleAuthor I. ButlerSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 33 –50 (2002)More Less
Language through literature through language : an action researchreport on the English 100 course at the University of North West
In this article the writer surveys attitudes to the integration of language andliterature in ESL/EFL teaching, noting the reservations that have beenexpressed about it in the past, and which still continue to linger in somequarters. Against this background he then describes the development andimplementation of an integrated English syllabus at the University of NorthWest, focusing on his current action research in teaching the first yearmodules. Using examples from the material he has developed for thesemodules, he demonstrates how the principles of language/literature integration,as articulated by writers in the field, can be translated into practicein a number of ways. Since this is an on-going project the writer presentshis findings as a report on work in progress. The article does, however,conclude with a brief summary of the positive responses received fromlecturers and students in response to questionnaires and surveys conductedin 2000 and 2001.
Author Ia EsterhuizenSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 51 –65 (2002)More Less
The creative process of meaning construction : a text-linguistic approach
The main aim of this article is to explore the usefulness of text linguistics indetermining how and why a literary text creates meaning. In order toachieve this aim, the unique way in which a writer or reader creates a textby means of lexico-grammatical and conceptual elements is discussed.The meaningfulness of the linguistic analysis of literary texts is thenillustrated by an analysis of T.T. Cloete's poem "Blydskap". Lexical cohesionis emphasized and this cohesive device is used as a strategy toindicate how meaningful patterns are created in the text. This analysisillustrates that the methods of text linguistics indeed provide useful tools forexamining the construction of meaning in a text.
Conversation, characterisation and corpus linguistics : dialogue in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility : research articleAuthor E.H. HubbardSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 67 –85 (2002)More Less
Conversation, characterisation and corpus linguistics : dialogue in JaneAusten's Sense and Sensibility
This article reports on a corpus-based exploration of the role that fictionaldialogue plays in characterisation. The focus is on the two main charactersof Austen's Sense and Sensibility and (a) the extent to which certainfeatures of their dialogue can be said to tie in with general perceptions thatElinor represents the "sense" and Marianne the "sensibility" of the novel'stitle; and (b) the extent to which Austen can be said to have exploited thesefeatures to enable the sisters to speak with subtly differing voices. Thefeatures themselves were drawn from two linguistic frameworks, namelycohesion in text linguistics (specifically, the category of conjunctivecohesion as originated by Halliday and Hasan (1976)), and the category of"involvement" in register analysis (most prominently, Biber 1988). Thedensity of these features in each dialogue was calculated, comparedstatistically and salient differences considered in relation to the focal issuesof the study. Although two of the five hypotheses formulated were not supported,the results overall provided strong indications that Austen successfullydistinguishes between the sisters through their dialogue, and often inways that link with less subtle, more explicit cues to their character that aregiven in the text. The study thus reveals how certain text-linguistic andregister features can underpin characterisation in fiction, and in so doingexplicates aspects of what it is that readers and literary critics respond towhen they comment on characterisation in a novel.
Author Chris JefferySource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 87 –104 (2002)More Less
Register-analysis as a means for eliciting the meaning of literary texts
Intuitive reading of a literary text does not enable one to understand howthe text means. For that purpose one needs a suitable semantic theory.This article proposes such a theory, based on the concept of register asmeaning-potential. Situation-types have semiotic properties, which set upexpectations of the kind of meaning likely in that kind of situation, andthose expectations constitute the meaning-potential of the situation, that isthe register, which is realised in whatever texts are actually uttered there.So register determines meaning; and register is determined by situationtype,which can be precisely defined by means of categories of (discourse-)situation. Five such categories are put forward. Their application constitutesregister-analysis. The process is demonstrated on a literary text; andit is claimed that an intuitive, practical-criticism-type analysis could not beas clear, precise and comprehensive as a register-analysis. And the coherenttheory of meaning which supplies the categories also provides aconsistent, defined metalanguage to work in. So register-analysis offers asignificant advance on intuitive reading.
Author Susan PrinslooSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 105 –127 (2002)More Less
Text linguistics : from theory to practice
In this article it is argued that theory and practice are reconcilable in the case of text linguistics and the teaching of writing skills. First, textlinguistics as a theoretical discipline is explained. Text linguistics, according to De Beaugrande and Dressler (1981), focuses on the seven constitutive principles, as well as the three regulative principles of textuality that determine the linguistic quality or standard of a text. The constitutive principles are cohesion, which in its turn, can be obtained by means of reference, ellipsis, substitution, conjunction and lexical cohesion, coherence, intentionality, acceptability, information, contextuality and intertextuality. The three regulative principles are efficiency, effectiveness and appropriateness. This is followed by a discussion of the relationship between text linguistics and the teaching of writing skills. Knowledge of the principles of text linguistics enables the teacher of writing skills to evaluate texts and to make learners aware of the properties of a "good" text, resulting in effective communication. Text-linguistic concepts are then applied to texts created by Afrikaans second-language speakers. It is then indicated how knowledge of text-linguistic concepts can be an aid in the teaching of writing skills.
Author H.P. Van CollerSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 129 –163 (2002)More Less
Antjie Krog's translation of Henk van Woerden's novel Een mond vol glas : (A mouth full of glass)
Against a historical backdrop several critical approaches to translationaltheory are explicated. Traditional criticism seems to imply positioningbetween the Source Text (ST) and the Target Text (TT). A functionalistapproach (as propagated among others by Snell-Hornby, Nord and Naaijkens)is a descriptive rather than a normative approach that focuses almostexclusively on the ST. This approach is consequently adopted in theevaluation of Krog's translation; yet even within this more relativisticparadigm, a comparison between ST and TT should not be evaded. In thecase of Krog's translation, this comparison leads to the identification ofscores of lexical, grammatical and stylistic errors.
Die taalkundige analise van 'n literêre teks : leksikale kohesie in "My broer se kraai" : research articleAuthor Geesje Van den BergSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 165 –181 (2002)More Less
A linguistic analysis of a literary text : lexical cohesion in "My broer se kraai"
In this article the positive interaction between language and literature isinvestigated from a text-linguistic perspective. In text linguistics linguisticinvestigation is at stake as it attempts to establish the textuality of linguisticstructures with the help of as many linguistic means as possible (Carstens,1997:7). In this article a literary text is used to obtain knowledge of thenature of the language used in the text, while at the same time linguistics isapplied to find out more about the literary text - in this case "My broer sekraai" - the short story that is analysed. Furthermore, this articleemphasizes the contribution of lexical cohesion in the teaching of literature.Research already undertaken reveals that different types of lexicalcohesion are interwoven in a text and form a unit that links with the themeof the given text. The lexical cohesion singled out in the text will notnecessarily have the same value and meaning for every reader. What isimportant, however, is that cohesion has achieved its purpose if the readeris able to experience and understand the text as a coherent unit.
Destruksie ten minste tien maal beklemtoon - 'n interpretasie van "Kraak die aardbol langs 'n naat" van Wilma Stockenström : research articleAuthor Betsie Van der WesthuizenSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 183 –198 (2002)More Less
Destruction at least ten times emphasized : an interpretation of"Kraak die aardbol langs 'n naat" ("Cracking the earth along the seam")by Wilma Stockenstrom
In this article the value of syntactical analysis in the interpretation of apoem is investigated from the premise that emphasis can be effected interalia in the following ways: (a) by contravening certain rules that apply instandard language usage in order to compose grammatical sentences, b)the exploitation of parallel syntactical structures, and c) the relationshipbetween sentence unit and line, and line and/or stanza. These theoreticalpoints of departure form the basis of the syntactical analysis of "Kraak dieaardbol langs 'n naat" (Wilma Stockenström), in which there are numerousdeviations from the expected, normal and usual ways of constructingsentences. It is by these means that the semantic values gain prominence:the attention is drawn to the deviating behaviour of mankind continuing todestruct the earth until nothing remains. It is evident that the repeated useof irony and the satirical tone of this poem also contribute to persuade thereader to behave in a way opposite to that depicted in the poem. In thisway the value of a syntactical analysis of this poem is illustrated. Byuncovering the micro-structures (syntactical units) within the (macro-)structure (the poem), underlying patterns and the place of humanity in theuniverse can be better understood. In this way the analysis of this poem isthen linked to the field of ecocriticism.
Karolina Ferreira (1993) van Lettie Viljoen en Vincent van Gogh se "Die Nagkafee" (1888) : 'n ruimtelik-koherente lesing : research articleSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 199 –221 (2002)More Less
Karolina Ferreira (1993) by Lettie Viljoen and Vincent van Gogh's"The Night Cafe" (1888): A spatial-coherent reading
Building on the text-linguistic definition of coherence as an intra-, inter-, and extratextual unity the underlying relations in Karolina Ferreira by Lettie Viljoen are explored. Vincent van Gogh's "The Night Café" is a hidden spatial-visual intertext which can serve as a centre of contemplation regarding the coherence of Karolina Ferreira and that of Viljoen's oeuvre.
Die volgehoue dubbelnegatief : minus maal minus maak plus
My lied van die niet, Fransi Phillips : book reviewAuthor Heilna Du PlooySource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 225 –228 (2002)More Less
Phillips is nie gerig op dit wat groot en indrukwekkend is nie, maar soek besinnend na klein oomblikke van suiwerheid en/of insig. Nie dat daar op insig of begrip aanspraak gemaak word nie. Dit gaan eerder om die stel of aanbied van enkelmomente as sodanig, om die eksistensie van die oomblik bewustelik te beleef en daaraan erkenning te gee deur dit te verwoord.
Heerlike semaarso in nuwe gedaante
Ysterkoei-blues : versamelde gedigte (1964-1975), Breyten Breytenbach : book reviewAuthor Hein ViljoenSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 229 –231 (2002)More Less
Krige se oerglans bly duur
Die naamlose muse, Uys Krige : geredigeer en ingelei deur J.C. Kannemeyer : book reviewAuthor Marthinus BeukesSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 231 –233 (2002)More Less
Source: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 234 –236 (2002)More Less
Die kortverhale in Gerda Taljaard se debuutbundel, Maansiek, sluit in só 'n mate tematies en inhoudelik bymekaar aan dat daar duidelik sprake van 'n onderlinge gesprek tussen dié tekste is. Aangesien tekselemente van een verhaal op subtiele, maar verrassende wyse ook in ander verhale resoneer, kan die leser byna nie anders as om die verhale binne 'n groter geheel saam te lees nie.
Source: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 236 –239 (2002)More Less
Identity and exile
Flight from certainty : the dilemma of identity and exile, A. Luyat & F. Tolron (Eds.) : book reviewAuthor Ivan RabinowitzSource: Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies 23, pp 239 –241 (2002)More Less