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n Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies - Identity, difference and healing : reading within the context of John Caputo's theory of hermeneutics : research article

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Abstract


John Caputo se belangstelling in heling en / of heelwording is duidelik in sy artikel oor die werk van Foucault: "On not knowing who we are: Madness, hermeneutics, and the night of truth in Foucault" (Caputo, 1993:233-262). Caputo onderskryf Foucault se siening as hy waansin / geestelike versteurdheid / nie-redelikheid interpreteer as 'n vorm van menslike lyding. Hy voer die argument egter verder as Foucault - en wel in 'n rigting wat Foucault dalk nie self ingeslaan het nie, maar wat moontlik deur hom gesuggereer is (Caputo, 1993:234). Caputo stel naamlik 'n hermeneutiek van respons en herstel voor, asook 'n terapie wat hy baseer op "helende gebare" (Caputo, 1993:234). In hierdie artikel ondersoek ons die toepaslikheid van Caputo se teorie van 'n voortgaande Foucaultiaanse hermeneutiek op Toni Morrison se historiese roman "Beloved". (Morrison is 'n Afro-Amerikaanse skrywer en Nobelpryswenner vir letterkunde.) Ons ondersoek hierdie moontlikheid deur die roman se drie hoofkarakters - Sethe, Beloved en Denver - te lees as simboliese uitbeeldings van Caputo se drie tipes hermeneutiek. Ons konsentreer veral op Denver as verteenwoordigend van Caputo se derde tipe hermeneutiek en as verteenwoordigend van sy voorgestelde helingsterapie.

John Caputo's interest in the human struggle towards healing / wholing is obvious in his contribution on the work of Foucault: "On not knowing who we are: Madness, hermeneutics, and the night of truth in Foucault" (Caputo, 1993:233-262). While basing his reading of madness as a form of human suffering on the work of Foucault, Caputo moves beyond Foucaultian theory - "in a direction that, while it was not taken by Foucault, is perhaps suggested by him" (Caputo, 1993:234) - by envisioning a hermeneutics of response and redress and a therapeutics of "healing gestures" (Caputo, 1993:234). In this article we investigate the applicability of Caputo's theory of progressive Foucaultian hermeneutics to Toni Morrison's "Beloved", a work of historical fiction. (Morrison is an African-American author and Nobel laureate.) We do this investigation by reading the novel's three major characters (Sethe, Beloved and Denver) as symbolic representations of Caputo's three kinds of hermeneutics, of which the third, represented by the character Denver, is constitutive of a therapeutics of healing.

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/content/literat/26/1/EJC61838
2005-04-01
2016-12-08
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