1887

n Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies - V.S. Naipaul's : contesting liminality by translating the historical past : research article

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Abstract

In this article the concept of liminality is understood in a broad sense to mean the incompleteness of historical representation and the restrained view of reality. The ensuing discussion of the theme will be divided into three parts; each incorporating parts of Paul Ricoeur's analyses in "The reality of the historical past" (1984). Ricoeur investigates the reality of the historical past under three categories - the Same, the Other, and the Analogue. Under the sign of "the Same", contesting liminality is first discussed as the re-enactment of the historical past. This re-enactment of the past, however, has differences in the present on account of imaginative reinterpretations and repatternings of documentary evidence. Under the sign of "the Other", the second part or the article discusses Naipaul's strategy of taking distance to counteract liminality in rewriting the historical past from the vantage point of a writer-traveller. Finally, the analysis under the sign of "the Analogue" points out that the commitment to combat liminality implies an unending attempt at rectifying and reconfiguring the historical past in order to accomplish continuity and renewal.


In hierdie artikel word die konsep liminaliteit breedweg verstaan as die onvolledigheid en beperktheid van voorstellings van die verlede. Die bespreking van die tema word in drie dele verdeel gebaseer op Ricoeur se analise in "The reality of the historical past" (1984). Ricoeur ondersoek die werklikheid van die historiese verlede aan die hand van drie kategorieë - die Selfde, die Ander en die Analoë. Onder die teken van "die Selfde" word die teenwerking van liminaliteit eerstens bespreek as die herbelewing van die historiese verlede. Hierdie herbelewing van die verlede verskil egter van die hede op grond van verbeeldingryke herinterpretasie en die herorganisasie van dokumentêre bewyse. Die tweede afdeling van die artikel, onder die teken van "die Ander", bespreek Naipaul se strategie om liminaliteit te bestry deur afstand te skep en die historiese verlede te herskryf vanuit die oogpunt van 'n skrywer-reisiger. Ten slotte toon die analise onder die teken van "die Analoë" dat die projek om liminaliteit te oorskry 'n nimmereindigende poging impliseer om die historiese verlede reg te stel en weer vorm te gee ten einde kontinuïteit en vernuwing te bewerkstellig.

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/content/literat/27/1/EJC61899
2006-04-01
2016-12-09
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