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n Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies - Derivational relations in English, Czech and Zulu wordnets

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Abstract


In hierdie artikel word een tipe kruis-woordsoortverhouding vir Engelse, Tsjeggiese en Zoeloe leksikale bronne in die vorm van semantiese netwerke (woordnette) ondersoek. Baie tale beskik oor reëls waarvolgens nuwe woorde reëlmatig en produktief van bestaande woorde via morfologiese prosesse van bestaande woorde afgelei word. Die morfologies ongemarkeerde basiswoorde en die afgeleide woorde, wat 'n semantiese kern met die basiswoorde in gemeen het, kan met woordnette verbind en geïntegreer word. Hulle vorm dan tipies "afgeleide neste" of subnette. Ons beskryf pogings om morfologiese en semantiese reëlmatighede van afleidingsprosesse in Engels, Tsjeggies en Zoeloe vas te lê sodat linguistiese meganismes vergelyk en ontgin kan word vir geskikte rekenaarmatige prosessering en woordnetkonstruksie. Terwyl werk reeds in 'n mate vir Engels en Tsjeggies gedoen is, is woordnette vir Zoeloe en ander Bantoetale nog in die beginstadium van ontwikkeling. In hierdie artikel word aangedui hoe Zoeloe deur bestaande werk kan baat vind.

This article investigates one kind of cross-part-of-speech relation for English, Czech and Zulu lexical resources in the form of semantic networks (wordnets). Many languages have rules whereby new words are derived regularly and productively from existing words via morphological processes. The morphologically unmarked base words and the derived words, which share a semantic core with the base words, can be interlinked and integrated into wordnets, where they typically form "derivational nests", or subnets. Efforts are described to capture the morphological and semantic regularities of derivational processes in English, Czech and Zulu to compare the linguistic mechanisms and to exploit them for suitable computational processing and wordnet construction. While some work has been done for English and Czech already, wordnets for Zulu and other Bantu languages are still in their infancy. This article illustrates how Zulu can benefit from existing work.

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/content/literat/29/1/EJC62003
2008-04-01
2016-12-05
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