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oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Om te "preek met die pen" as vorm van die Kartuisertradisie van ("preek met die hande") in die lig van Gereformeerde wantroue jeens kontemplatiewe spiritualiteit : godsdienswetenskappe

 

Abstract

Hierdie artikel neem as vertrekpunt die groeiende belangstelling in mistieke of kontemplatiewe spiritualiteit ten spyte van eeue van Gereformeerde wantroue jeens hierdie soort spiritualiteit. Dit kyk veral na een van die besware daarteen, naamlik dat kontemplatiewe spiritualiteit altyd gepaardgaan met 'n afkeer van of vlug uit die wêreld, oftewel wêreldmyding (). Die waarheid van so 'n siening word ondersoek met verwysing na waarskynlik dié lokus van hierdie spiritualiteit in die geskiedenis van die Christendom, die monastiek, en spesifiek binne die mees ekstreme vorm van die monastieke/kontemplatiewe leefstyl in die Christendom vandag, naamlik in die Kartuiserorde. Met behulp van 'n Ricoeuriaanse agterdog-en-herwinningsoefening, soortgelyk aan dié gebruik deur die Noord-Amerikaanse Rooms-Katolieke teoloog David Tracy se dialoog met die Boeddhisme in sy , word in gesprek getree met vorme van die Kartuisertradisie van ("prediking met die hande") of dan meer spesifiek, prediking met die pen. Die doel hiervan is om vas te stel of so 'n dialoog Gereformeerde gelowiges daartoe kan lei om (a) een van die kernbesware/verskyningsvorme van wantroue teen kontemplatiewe spiritualiteit te bevraagteken, en (b) vergete of onderdrukte Gereformeerde elemente van 'n kontemplatiewe spiritualiteit te herontdek.


Recent decades have seen a worldwide increase in interest in spirituality, including mystical or contemplative spirituality - also in Reformed circles. However, for a very long time mystical or contemplative spirituality has been regarded with intense suspicion and resistance in the Reformed tradition. This Reformed prejudice includes the view that mysticism or contemplation is a world-denying phenomenon epitomising an attitude of . If this critique were true it would have been understandable that it is frowned upon by Reformed Christians, whose own spiritual tradition strongly emphasises action rather than contemplation (to use the terminology that characterised this discourse over centuries within Christianity) and rejects any separation between devotion in the isolation of monasteries and devotion as expressed in everyday life outside the monastery.
The methodology of a Ricoeurian hermeneutics of suspicion and retrieval exercise - as exemplified by North American Roman Catholic theologian David Tracy's (1990) - is applied to determine whether this Reformed suspicion is justified and whether a meeting with the Carthusians may have fruitful results for the Reformed tradition. In his book, with his inter-religious dialogue with Buddhism as the context, Tracy offers a clear formulation of his so-called mystical-political theology. By way of his confrontation with the Buddhist concept of (emptiness) and non-self, Tracy raises suspicions against what he calls contemporary Western possessive individualism - i.e. "the self-deceptive belief in a united, coherent, non-relational ego" (1990:74). This leads him to retrieve Christianity's closest parallel to the Buddhist no-self in the Rhineland mystic Meister Eckhart, who lets go of the self and encounters the "Godhead-beyond-God", beyond Eurocentric perceptions of God as a mere "projected Other to whom we egoistically cling" (1990:74). But since Christianity cannot stop at the radical apophatic mysticism of Eckhart, this mysticism has to manifest itself in a return to the world, which Tracy finds in Jan van Ruysbroeck's Trinitarian mysticism that reflects "a fully mystic-prophetic [...] Christian theology".

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/content/litnet/10/3/EJC147707
2013-12-01
2016-12-06
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