oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - 'n Instrument met baie snare - 'n metafoor vir Shakespeare se drama : geesteswetenskappe

Volume 10, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1995-5928



Cleopatra en Shakespeare geniet albei ikoniese status en hulle invloed strek wyd. Daarby is musiek deur die eeue inherent deel van die mens se beskawing. Cleopatra, Shakespeare en musiek is die drie oorhoofse en samevattende dele van die navorsing met 'n skerper fokus op Shakespeare se drama en die rol van musiek daarin. Om die navorsing in konteks te plaas, word 'n kort historiese oorsig oor die rol van musiek in die Oudheid (meer spesifiek antieke Egipte en die Romeinse Ryk) en in die Elisabethaanse tyd gegee. Daarna volg 'n ontleding van die drama vanuit die invalshoek van musiek om vas te stel of Shakespeare musiek in die drama verreken en of musiek bydra tot veelvlakkigheid in die betekenis van die teks. Om die ikoniese status van Cleopatra en Shakespeare, asook hulle invloed in kunsmusiek, te bevestig, word 'n oorsigtelike bespreking van die belangrikste komposisies wat Shakespeare se drama en/of die verhaal van Antonius en Cleopatra en Cleopatra as uitgangspunt het, gegee.

Cleopatra and Shakespeare, who lived many centuries apart, still enjoy iconic status, and their influence stretches far and wide. Furthermore, these two iconic figures cannot be imagined without music. Cleopatra's voice is compared to a multi-stringed instrument and there are numerous references to music in the texts of Shakespeare.
Music was inherently part of the ancient Egyptian culture, as is confirmed by the numerous images of instruments and musical activities and the descriptions in documents and in literary texts. What we do not know, is what this music sounded like.
Music was also important in Elizabethan times - religious and social. During this time there were many developments in the field of music, such as the use of new music forms and styles, of which the madrigal is an example; and using the lute as a solo and as an accompanying instrument more often also heightened the complexity of music through polyphony. Furthermore, the compositions of composers like Byrd and Tallis have been preserved, and some musical instruments as well as drawings and descriptions of the instruments from that time exist to this day. Although we know what the music of that time sounded like and that music was used in the stage productions of Shakespeare's dramas, we do not always know which music was used. Based on the above, the three general themes of the research were therefore Cleopatra, Shakespeare and music.
The purpose of the research was to establish by means of questions whether Shakespeare made music part of the dramatic information in and if so,how Shakespeare interlinked music with the dramatic information. Another question, namely whether music, references to it and/or using it contributed to the multi-faceted character of the text of , was also explored. Lastly, consideration was given to the question whether Cleopatra, and in particular Shakespeare's text, inspired composers to capture the story in music.

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