oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Oor die interpretasie van Paulus se uitspraak in Galasiërs 3:28 : godsdienswetenskappe
Galasiërs 3:28 ("Dit is nie belangrik of iemand Jood of Griek, slaaf of vry mens, man en vrou is nie; want julle is almal een in Christus Jesus") is een van die uitsprake in die Galasiërbrief wat baie aandag trek - nie net in kerklike gesprekke nie, maar ook in die akademiese besinning oor dié brief. Dit is ook die teksvers in die brief waaraan die meeste individuele studies gewy word. In hierdie artikel word 'n oorsig gebied van die tendense in die navorsing en van die navorsingsresultate van studies wat oor hierdie vers gedoen is. Die belangrikste aspekte waaroor navorsing gedoen word, is die volgende: die vertaling van die teks; die herkoms daarvan (dooptradisies, al dan nie); die implikasies van die teks vir die verstaan van Paulus se siening van die kerk; die verband tussen die teks en ander uitsprake in die Nuwe Testament; die uitleggeskiedenis van die teks; nuwere benaderings tot die vertolking van Gal. 3:28, en die invloed van die teks vir kerk en samelewing. In 'n afsluitende gedeelte word enkele belangrike gevolgtrekkings gemaak oor die vertolking van dié teks vir die eietydse situasie.
"No longer Jew or Greek, no longer slave or free, no longer male and female." On the interpretation of Paul's pronouncement in Galatians 3:28
In ecclesial debates Galatians 3:28 is often quoted, and rightly so, as it is one of the most important statements found in Early Christianity. In academic circles this statement is also regarded as important. In fact, a recent investigation has shown that Galatians 3:28 (hereafter "the text") is the verse in Galatians on which the most studies (by far!) have been published. The aim of this article is to offer a survey of the most important scholarly research on the text, highlighting significant trends in this regard.
Seven aspects are discussed: First, the way in which the text is translated in available Afrikaans Bible translations is investigated. Although there are huge differences between these translations because of the fact that different strategies were used for translating it into Afrikaans, most of them offer a fairly accurate interpretation of the Greek. Secondly, the issue whether the text is based on Christian baptismal tradition or not, is addressed. It is shown that this is still the predominant view amongst scholars, although there are some dissenting voices. The third issue that is discussed is what the text implies regarding Paul's views of the church. In this regard it is shown that most scholars were interested in the segment of the verse "no male and female" and that this was approached from different perspectives: some argue that it should not be regarded as the great egalitarian text as often happens, whereas others focus on the implications that it has for gender issues. The next issue is the relationship between this text and the rest of the New Testament. It is shown that one can distinguish between two basic approaches among scholars: whereas some attempt to minimise the differences between the text and other views expressed in the New Testament, others argue that it is not possible to do so. The fifth issue is the Wirkungsgeschichte ("history of interpretation") of the text. It is shown that several overviews of the way in which the text was interpreted during the Patristic era were published providing clear evidence of the wide differences in the ways in which the text was approached. Attention is also drawn to the way in which the text has been interpreted in modern times, in particular by surveys of its interpretation in certain circles, such as Presbyterian churches and in the Roman Catholic Church. The sixth issue that is scrutinised is the way in which the interpretation of the text has benefited from new interpretative approaches. Feminist, queer, postcolonialist and other cultural approaches are discussed. These approaches made new interpretations of the text possible, since the angle from which the text is approached differs from those normally used. Lastly, the implications that the text has for contemporary church and society are looked into. The issue that has received the most attention is whether Galatians 3:28 implies that women should be allowed into the ministry or not. Although numerous studies have been published on this theme, there have not been many new insights to be found, as most of these studies do little more than recycle the same arguments for or against women in the ministry.
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