1887

oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - "Te hel met heling, Niggie!" : wanneer traumanarratiewe tekort skiet

 

Abstract

Tot in die laaste kwart van die negentiende eeu was trauma 'n streng mediese term wat uitsluitlik na liggaamlike verwonding en fisieke letsels verwys het. In die omgangstaal het trauma aan die einde van die negentiende eeu 'n psigologiese betekenis verkry en veral na psigiese wonde en geestelike letsels begin verwys. Aan hierdie "psigologisering" van trauma het Charcot en veral Freud 'n reuse-aandeel gehad. Nadat trauma in die 1980's 'n amptelike psigoterapeutiese diagnose geword het, is talle studies oor die helende krag van stories en narratiewe (re)konstruksie gepubliseer. In hierdie artikel word op kritiese wyse besin oor die helende funksie van traumanarratiewe aan die hand van Ingrid Winterbach se roman , wat teen die agtergrond van die Anglo-Boereoorlog (1899-1902) afspeel. Daar word ondersoek ingestel na die wyse waarop karakters hulle ervarings van traumatiese verlies (veral aan die hand van verbale en geskrewe narratiewe) probeer hanteer, asook die sukses, al dan nie, wat hulle in dié poging behaal. Die skeptiese uitgangspunt dat die blote verwoording van trauma nie noodwendig heling of genesing impliseer nie, lê die betoog ten grondslag. Uiteindelik word aangevoer dat die traumanarratiewe in , maar ook as traumanarratief, dikwels juis die gedagte van die onverwerkbaarheid en onverwoordbaarheid van trauma bevestig.

Until the late nineteenth century, trauma was a strictly medical term referring to physiological wounds or scars. Due to the work of Charcot and Freud, amongst others, the meaning of the word trauma was moved from physiology to psychotherapy, eventually indicating psychological wounds rather than physiological scars. In the 1980s trauma became an official psychotherapeutic diagnosis. What followed was a plethora of research on how to heal from trauma by talking it out, by facing it down. The tools deployed to help trauma survivors were largely verbal and emphasised narrative reconstruction and reflection. In this article these tenets of trauma treatment, which have at their centre the healing power of narratives (stories), are critically examined using Ingrid Winterbach's novel (translated in 2005 as ), which was set in the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). Attention is given to the ways in which characters use verbal and written narratives in an attempt to come to terms with their traumatic pasts, as well as the level of success they achieve in the process. The discussion is based on the sceptical assumption that mere narrative reconstruction and/or reflection do not necessarily guarantee recovery or healing. The different trauma narratives in , but alsoas a trauma narrative, confirm, rather, the idea that traumatic experiences may in some instances resist or seriously undermine narrative representation.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/litnet/6/3/EJC62239
2009-12-01
2016-12-09
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error