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oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Die voorkoms, frekwensie en aard van seksuele misbruik deur jong vroulike seksoortreders in 'n inwoonsorgsentrum : geesteswetenskappe

 

Abstract

Alhoewel die seksuele misbruik van kinders deur volwassenes goed in die wetenskaplike literatuur gedokumenteer is, blyk dit dat daar 'n vakuum aangaande die jong vroulike seksoortreder bestaan. Die voorkoms, frekwensie en aard van seksuele misbruik onder vroulike jeugdiges in 'n inwoonsorgsentrum is deur middel van verkennende en beskrywende navorsing vanuit die kwalitatiewenavorsingsparadigma met kwantitatiewe elemente ondersoek om genoemde leemte te help aanspreek. Die steekproef het uit 29 deelnemers bestaan wat volgens 'n gestratifiseerde, doelgerigte steekproef getrek is. Inwoning by 'n spesifieke inwoonsorgsentrum, geslag (vroulik) en ouderdom (7 tot 18 jaar) het as insluitingskriteria gedien. Data is deur middel van gestruktureerde onderhoude ingesamel. Beginsels van die begrondingsteorie is benut om die rou data te prosesseer. Temas wat aangaande die navorsingsverskynsel geïdentifiseer is, omvat die deelnemers se psigososiale agtergrond, die voorkoms, frekwensie en aard van die seksuele handelinge, die tyd en plek waar die seksuele handelinge plaasgevind het, asook inligting rakende die rapportering daarvan en tegnieke wat slagoffers ontwikkel het om hulleself teen die seksuele handelinge te beskerm. Die resultate toon dat die meerderheid van die deelnemers in die inwoonsorgsentrum op die een of ander wyse by die seksuele handelinge betrokke is, enersyds as slagoffer en andersyds as oortreder. Die meerderheid van die oortreders is tussen 13 en 14 jaar oud. Dit het na vore gekom dat die seksuele handelinge in die nag veral in die meisies se slaapkamers plaasvind en gedurende die dag in die TV-vertrekke, badkamers en kombuise van die onderskeie wooneenhede van die kinders en versorgers. Sommige deelnemers beweer dat hulle nie hulp ontvang het met die aanmelding van die seksuele misbruik nie. Hulle het gevolglik strategieë ontwikkel om hulleself daarteen te beskerm. Aanbevelings aangaande beleid, die praktyk en die uitbou van die teorie deur verdere navorsing word ter afsluiting gemaak.


Sexual abuse at the hands of female juveniles is a phenomenon which is apparently on the increase and/or coming to light more and more, but about which relatively little scientific literature exists. The objective is to help address this shortcoming by means of an exploratory and descriptive investigation into the incidence, frequency and nature of sexual abuse among female juveniles admitted to a specific residential care centre. More knowledge of and insight into the psycho-dynamics of the female juvenile sex offender are essential to render preventative therapeutic services, as well as to provide effective therapeutic assistance to the mentioned sex offenders.
From the scientific literature a preliminary profile of female juveniles who sexually abuse other female juveniles has been compiled. The sexual actions that female juveniles commit with other female juveniles include contact as well as non-contact sexual actions. Non-contact sexual actions refer, for example, to pornography and voyeurism, while contact sexual actions include sexual touching or penetration. These actions may take place with or without the permission of the other party. In spite of the fact that the sexual actions take place "with consent", it is still defined as "abuse" in the context of this article, because it is described as such in the Amendment Act to the Criminal Law relating to Sexual Offences and Related Matters (32/2007).
The purpose of the investigation was not necessarily to criminalise sexualised behaviour among female juveniles, and therefore the phenomenon was investigated from the perspective and elucidation of the ecological systems theory. This is done by referring to the micro, meso-, exo-, macro- and chrono-systems of the ecological systems theory. The sexual offences usually start around the age of 14 or 15 and it transpires that most female juvenile sex offenders are Caucasians. The female juvenile sex offenders usually come from families characterised by family violence, aggressive, emotionally absent fathers and depressed mothers. Most female juvenile sex offenders also have a personal history as victims of sexual abuse. Although some female juvenile sex offenders present with a variety of psychiatric disturbances, they are not necessarily psychotic, and their sexual behaviour can therefore not be linked to a psychotic episode. It transpires from the literature that female juvenile sex offenders start to abuse other children at an earlier age than male juvenile sex offenders do and that they commit the same deeds with their victims that male juvenile sex offenders do. However, their sentences are lighter than those of male juvenile sex offenders.

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/content/litnet/9/3/EJC129815
2012-12-01
2016-12-07
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