1887

oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Die Afrikaanse literêre sisteem : 'n eksperimentele benadering met behulp van Sosiale-netwerk-analise (SNA) : geesteswetenskappe

 

Abstract

Die toepassing van sisteemteorie in die bestudering van die Afrikaanse literêre sisteem/veld is 'n gevestigde benadering binne die literatuurstudie, maar die verwante netwerksentriese benadering deur middel van Sosiale-netwerk-analise (SNA) is nog nie toegepas binne die Afrikaanse literatuurstudie nie. Beginsels van die sisteemteorie is duidelik herkenbaar in netwerkanalise, veral die vooropstelling van verhoudings en interaksies tussen rolspelers, en die belangrikheid van kompleksiteit. Netwerke is sisteme, waar onderlinge interaksies (skakels) tussen elemente (nodusse) lei tot 'n groter eindproduk as bloot die somtotaal van elemente self. SNA fokus op rolle en posisies, hoe 'n netwerk gestruktureer is, hoe invloed en mag versprei en hoe hulpbronne benut word. In hierdie artikel word 'n verkenning van aspekte van die Afrikaanse literêre sisteem vanuit SNA gedoen, en gevorderde rekenaarprogrammatuur word gebruik om verhoudings tussen gekanoniseerde skrywers en kritici uit te lig en aan te toon hoe die interafhanklikheid van skrywers en kritici hul posisies binne die literêre sisteem beïnvloed. Sonder SNA is dit nie moontlik om alle rolspelers binne 'n netwerk of sisteem in ag te neem nie: die 288 entiteite wat by hierdie eksperimentele studie betrek word, is reeds 'n moeilike aantal om voor te stel, maar met behulp van SNA kan duisende rolspelers betrek word: elke uitgewer, elke resensie, elke akademiese joernaal, en elke verhandeling of proefskrif (selfs elke kursusmodule waar hierdie skrywers se werke aangebied word). Die implikasie is dat die hele Afrikaanse literêre netwerk in 'n enkele oogopslag gesien kan word, die sleutelfigure uitgewys kan word, en individuele skrywers en kritici se rolle in die konteks van die algehele netwerk ontleed kan word. Alhoewel die artikel 'n eksperiment is, word aangetoon hoe SNA binne die Afrikaanse literatuurstudie benut kan word, en voorstelle vir verdere navorsing word gemaak.


The application of systems theory in the study of the literary system/field is an established approach in literary studies. Van Gorp (1997:1) writes that "systemic" terms can already be found in the work of Tynjanov, Lotman, Guillen, and Estival, but it was only in the 1970s that Luhmann, Schmidt and Even-Zohar institutionalised the study of literary systems, together with Bourdieu's theory of the literary field. Since then, De Geest, Van Rees, Ibsch, Fokkema and others have thoroughly proved the relevance of this approach to literary studies.
The use of systems theory in the study of specifically the Afrikaans literary system/field is also well known (see, for example, De Wet 1994, John 1994, Greyling 2005 and Venter 2006), especially as undertaken from the Centre for South African Literature Research (SENSAL) at the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) during the 1980s, and the University of the Free State (UFS) (e.g. Senekal 1987, Venter 2002 and Van Coller and Odendaal 2008).
The related network-centric approach by means of Social Network Analysis (SNA) has, however, not yet been applied to the study of the Afrikaans literary system. SNA focuses on roles and positions, how a network is structured, how influence and power spread and how resources are utilised. Using SNA, an analyst can quickly obtain a glimpse of links and highlight key figures, which mean that new insights can be discovered by the graphical representation of networks, as illustrated in this article. Principles of systems theory are clearly recognisable in network analysis, especially the foregrounding of relationships and interactions between stakeholders, and the importance of complexity.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/litnet/9/3/EJC129817
2012-12-01
2016-12-02
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error