1887

oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Die skrywer en nuwe publikasiekontekste : interaktiwiteit en wisselwerking in aanlyngemeenskappe - Fanie Viljoen se as gevallestudie : geesteswetenskappe

 

Abstract

Die deelnemende kultuur in die Web 2.0-konteks wat interaktiwiteit en wisselwerking tussen veelvuldige lesers moontlik maak, skep 'n eiesoortige dinamiek en nuwe storievertel- en publikasiemoontlikhede. Narratiewe genres wat in hierdie konteks ontstaan, word betekenisvol deur die deelnemende eienskappe van die omringende diskoerskonteks gevorm. Fanie Viljoen se grafiese verhaal , met die tema van selfskending onder tieners, is in twee weergawes op twee verskillende platforms en netwerkkontekste gepubliseer, naamlik as deel van 'n Facebook-groep en as selfoonverhaal op Yoza Cellphone Stories. Hierdie artikel beskryf die publikasiekontekste, interaktiwiteit en wisselwerking ten opsigte van die -weergawes aan die hand van Ruth Page (2010) se teorie van narratiewe wisselwerking waarin gebruiker-teks-wisselwerking (leser-teks) sowel as die diskoerskonteks van die gebruiker-gebruiker-wisselwerking (leser-leser) in ag geneem word. Dit blyk dat die interaktiwiteit en wisselwerking in die onderskeie diskoersnetwerke unieke kenmerke toon, ongeag dat dieselfde primêre narratief ter sprake is. Die gevolgtrekking is dat die skrywer van die kernnarratief 'n belangrike en selfs bepalende rol in die ontwikkelende narratief kan speel.


The Web 2.0 context, where interactivity and cooperation between multiple readers are possible, creates unique dynamics and narrative forms. For the author the participatory environment offers new narrative and publication possibilities. The need arises for a better understanding of this changing environment, the online interaction and the developing creative forms. Globally there are big differences in terms of available technology, internet access and user patterns, and therefore it is also necessary to investigate and describe the narrative practices in local contexts.
This article discusses two versions of South African author Fanie Viljoen's graphic novel , which were published on two different platforms and network contexts. () had its origins in a creative and research project with artists' books and practice-based research as its focus. In the project Viljoen adapted his own short story with the theme of self-mutilation among teenagers to a graphic novel. Simultaneously with the remediation of the story Viljoen also established a Facebook group, placed the completed pages on it and started a conversation about the topical theme of self-mutilation. The novel later became available as a cell phone novel (in English and Afrikaans) on Yoza Cellphone Stories, with the graphics adapted to the dimensions of a standard cell phone screen. Yoza cellphone stories can be read on the Yoza mobisite, among others, which also makes provision for readers' comments. The reader responses and interactions that were observed in the different network contexts offer an opportunity to use this work as a case study to examine the dynamics between the author, text, context and reader in online communities in Web 2.0 contexts. Ruth Page's (2010) theory of narrative interaction as explained in her article "Interactivity and interaction: Text and talk in online communities" serves as the theoretical framework for the investigation.
The article is organised in the following sections: (1) contextualisation in terms of the participatory culture in Web 2.0 contexts and Page's theory of narrative interaction; (2) the text and publication contexts of Fanie Viljoen's ; (3) discussion of Page's theory with application to the interaction and interactivity in the Web 2.0 publication contexts of ; (4) discussion of observed patterns and conversations in the Facebook Pynstiller group and Yoza Cellphone Stories; (5) conclusion and theory refinement.

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/content/litnet/9/3/EJC129822
2012-12-01
2016-12-08
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