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oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Die resepsie van Romeinse reg in die Suid-Afrikaanse regstelsel : en : regte

 

Abstract

Suid-Afrika het 'n gemengde regstelsel. Die stereotiepe benadering is gebaseer op die teenstelling Engels-Afrikaans, wat gedurende die 20ste eeu die universiteite en gevolglik die paradigmas regeer het. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die uitwerking van die -leerstuk (Engelse reg) en die -reël (Europese siviele reg) op die Suid-Afrikaanse regsontwikkeling vas te stel. Vir hierdie doel is twee hofbeslissings ontleed ten aansien van hul keuse en toepassing van bronne, die eerste gegee gedurende die beginjare van die Kaapse hooggeregshof, en die ander gedurende die tagtigerjare van die 20ste eeu. Albei sake het betrekking op die bankier-kliënt-verhouding en meer spesifiek die toepaslikheid van die in hierdie konteks.


The purpose of this article is to ascertain the effect of the doctrine of English law and the rule of European civil law on the development of South African law. For this purpose two decisions are analysed with regard to their choice and application of sources, the one given during the initial years of the Cape supreme court, and the other during the eighties of the 20th century.
The Charters of Justice of 1827 and 1832 reorganised the administration of justice in the Cape colony. An independent supreme court with professional judges was created and the laws of criminal and civil procedure were reformed. Absence of the rule frustrated the aspired assimilation of colonial law to British jurisprudence. This rule instructs the judge to find and apply the law , but in common law the English judge limits himself to the legal arguments raised by parties. Thus reception of Roman-Dutch law depended to a large extent on the legal practitioners in the Cape. The pre-1828 advocates were all doctors of laws who had studied in the Netherlands. The Charters of Justice did not introduce the binding force of precedent, but it has been generally accepted that from the earliest days of the Cape supreme court this doctrine constituted an essential element of South African common law.

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/content/litnet/9/3/EJC129828
2012-12-01
2016-12-08
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