n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Reducing chronic diseases of lifestyle and managing HIV using an evidence-based approach - what every clinician should know : main topic

Volume 21, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Prevention/treatment of overweight should be a priority, particularly in high-risk patients, in order to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and CVD. <br>Patients should decrease their total consumption of fat, particularly saturated fat, trans fatty acids, as well as myristic and palmitic acids. <br>About 5 - 6 servings of fruit and vegetables per day are recommended to reduce CVD risk. <br>Regular fish consumption (1 - 2 servings per week) is protective against CHD. <br>Salt intake should be restricted to less than 1 teaspoon per day from all dietary sources. <br>At least 30 minutes of moderateintensity exercise, e.g. brisk walking on most days of the week, is considered sufficient to reduce CVD risk. <br>Dietary counselling is an effective method to encourage PLWHA to restore their energy and nutrient intake, especially during early disease. <br>It is likely that PLWHA will require micronutrient supplementation to reverse underlying deficiencies. <br>Early treatment for infections is an effective way of conserving the nutritional status of PLWHA. Aerobic exercise appears to be safe for PLWHA who are medically s table.

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