n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - HIV and ENT : main topic




Routine organisms predominate when it comes to infections of the ear, nose and throat. <br>HIV-positive patients should initially be treated with the same antibiotic as HIV-negative patients. <br>Multiple oral lesions can be present simultaneously. <br>Oral candidiasis and rhinosinusitis are the commonest ENT manifestations of HIV. <br>Oesophageal candidiasis must be suspected in patients with increasing dysphagia and odynophagia. <br>Oral hairy leukoplakia is a condition almost pathognomonic of HIV infection and often indicates progression to AIDS. <br>Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common HIV-associated oral tumour and predominantly occurs on the palate. <br>HIV-associated cystic lympho-epithelial disease of the parotid is a disease process unique to HIV-infected individuals. <br>OME in the adult patient must be investigated and the HIV status of the patient ascertained.


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