n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Sleep apnoea : long-term cardiovascular outcomes with and without treatment with CPAP : health awareness

Volume 23, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Extracted from text ... Obstructive sleep apnoea is a disease of increasing importance because it appears to have neurocognitive and cardiovascular consequences. Abnormalities in the anatomy of the pharynx, the physiology of the upper-airway muscle dilator, and the stability of ventilatory control are important causes of repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnoea can be diagnosed on the basis of characteristic history (snoring, daytime sleepiness) and physical examination (increased neck circumference), but overnight polysomnography is needed to confirm the disorder. Repetitive pharyngeal collapse causes recurrent arousals from sleep, leading to sleepiness and increased risk of motor vehicle and occupational accidents. The surges ..

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