n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Managing childhood obesity : a comprehensive approach : main topic




Overweight and obesity are very prevalent (30 - 40%) in young women aged 13 - 19 years in South Africa. <br>Nationally, in children 1 - 8 years, overweight and obesity are as common as stunting (17% and 19%, respectively). <br>BMI cut-off points and CDC percentiles can be used to determine overweight and obesity in children. <br>Exclusive breastfeeding protects against overweight and obesity in children. <br>A successful weight management programme should include a healthy meal plan, increased physical activity as well as a supportive family environment. <br>The stoplight diet has been shown to work with children and can be used in South African children. <br>The American Heart Association has proposed guidelines for physical activity in children. <br>Exercise, independent of weight loss, assists in the management of diabetes and hypertension. <br>A healthy meal plan should include plenty of fruit and vegetables, be low in fats and sugar and be moderately restricted in energy. <br>The low glycaemic index diet is not currently recommended as a method of weight loss in children.


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