n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Cardiovascular outcomes : main article

Volume 23, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



CVD is the major cause of premature death and disability in the Western world. <br>A number of important risk factors have now been identified which play a pivotal role in the development of CVD. <br>Lifestyle modification and therapy of many of these modifiable risk factors can have a significant impact on the growing incidence of CVD, improving the prognosis of many potential sufferers of this disease. <br>Risk stratification of patients identifies those at highest risk for the development of CVD. <br>Therefore, patients with established CVD need intensive therapy, which includes lifestyle changes (smoking, healthy food choices and physical activity) as well as treatment with statins, antihypertensives and aspirin, when indicated. <br>Patients at potentially high risk should also be counselled about lifestyle modification as mentioned above, and considered for pharmacological intervention. <br>Aggressive treatment of risk factors and lifestyle modification will have significant long-term beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes.

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