n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - More about : craniomandibular dysfunction and headaches

Volume 23, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Extracted from text ... RUSSEL LURIE, BDS, H DipDent, MDent, FCMFOS (SA) Senior Part-time Consultant, Maxillo-Facial and Oral Surgeon, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a term reflecting ailments of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory and cervical muscles. The skeletal entity involves an intra-articular inflammatory process. In support of this are increased levels of cytokines, prostaglandins, and 5-HT found in the synovial fluid of affected TMJs.1 The pathophysiology of craniofacial muscle pain is unclear; therefore treatment is not causally directed. Masticatory muscle pain is a localised expression of a spectrum of myofascial disorders, with many ..

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