n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - More about : hyperglycaemic diabetic emergencies

Volume 24, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Extracted from text ... MORE ABOUT....MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS ANGELIKA REINBRECH-SCH?TTE, MB ChB, MMed (FamMed) Senior Family Physician/ Lecturer, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (HONKC) are serious metabolic emergencies that affect type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. Serious and potentially fatal complications of diabetes can be reduced by having a high index of suspicion in emergency settings, by recognising metabolic deterioration and precipitating causes earlier, and by optimising accessibility to treatment. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) Pathophysiology The therapeutic approach is defined by the following major abnormalities: ? Hyperglycaemia ..

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