n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Diabetes mellitus : chronic complications : main article
|Article Title||Diabetes mellitus : chronic complications : main article|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||CME : Your SA Journal of CPD|
|Author||A.J. Mbokazi and N. Ndwamato|
|Publication Date||Oct 2006|
|Pages||558 - 566|
|Keyword(s)||Chronic complications, Diabetes mellitus, Disease management, Macrovascular complications, Microvascular complications, Surveillance and Treatment monitoring|
Diabetes patients are prone to irreversible complications. <br>Diabetes complications can be largely grouped into microvascular and macrovascular complications. <br>There are modifiable risk factors associated with the development of chronic complications. <br>Retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy are caused by microvascular complications. <br>Ischaemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, diabetic foot and erectile dysfunction are the result of macrovascular complications. <br>Screening for diabetes among high-risk individuals is valuable in detecting the disease early. <br>Screening for complications and instituting appropriate treatment will decrease morbidity. <br>Appropriate guidelines should be used in the diagnosis and the management of diabetes. <br>All patients should be offered an annual clinical assessment where possible. <br>Team approach to diabetes care is recommended.
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