n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Diabetes mellitus : chronic complications : main article

Volume 24, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Diabetes patients are prone to irreversible complications. <br>Diabetes complications can be largely grouped into microvascular and macrovascular complications. <br>There are modifiable risk factors associated with the development of chronic complications. <br>Retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy are caused by microvascular complications. <br>Ischaemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, diabetic foot and erectile dysfunction are the result of macrovascular complications. <br>Screening for diabetes among high-risk individuals is valuable in detecting the disease early. <br>Screening for complications and instituting appropriate treatment will decrease morbidity. <br>Appropriate guidelines should be used in the diagnosis and the management of diabetes. <br>All patients should be offered an annual clinical assessment where possible. <br>Team approach to diabetes care is recommended.

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