n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Teaching of diabetes mellitus to medical students and primary health care nurses : a family medicine perspective : main article




Medical students should be aware of the significance of HbA&lt;sub&gt;1c&lt;/sub&gt; determination as a reflection of the quality of the patient's glycaemic control. <br>Self-monitoring of blood glucose empowers the patient to work together with his/her health care provider to monitor blood glucose on a daily basis. <br>Tight control of blood glucose reduces the risk of onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy in both types of diabetes. <br>Diabetic foot care is crucial in diabetic patients since they experience higher amputation rates than non-diabetics. <br>Poor glycaemic control (HbA&lt;sub&gt;1c&lt;/sub&gt; &lt;u&gt;&gt;&lt;/u&gt; 8%) is a major risk factor for diabetic nephropathy. <br>Lifestyle intervention should be the first step in the management of diabetic patients with dyslipidaemia.


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