n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Smoking and reproductive health : main article
|Article Title||Smoking and reproductive health : main article|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||CME : Your SA Journal of CPD|
|Publication Date||Nov 2006|
|Pages||623 - 626|
|Keyword(s)||Exposure, Fertility, Miscarriage, Pregnancy complications, Reproductive health, Reproductive health risks and Smoking|
Nicotine and carbon monoxide are the substances in cigarette smoke that are responsible for most of the adverse effects in pregnancy. <BR>Smoking in pregnancy is associated with an increase in miscarriage, low birth weight babies, abruptio placentae, placenta praevia and perinatal mortality. <BR>Women who smoke have an earlier onset of menopause when compared with non-smoking women. <BR>Smoking impairs fertility in both men and women via its effect on gametes and ovarian function. <BR>Smoking is an important co-factor in the development of cervical cancer. <BR>A wide range of cognitive and behavioural problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been identified in children of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. <BR>There is an association between smoking in pregnancy and an increase in childhood cancers, such as leukaemia and lymphoma.
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