n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Smoking and reproductive health : main article

Volume 24, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Nicotine and carbon monoxide are the substances in cigarette smoke that are responsible for most of the adverse effects in pregnancy. <BR>Smoking in pregnancy is associated with an increase in miscarriage, low birth weight babies, abruptio placentae, placenta praevia and perinatal mortality. <BR>Women who smoke have an earlier onset of menopause when compared with non-smoking women. <BR>Smoking impairs fertility in both men and women via its effect on gametes and ovarian function. <BR>Smoking is an important co-factor in the development of cervical cancer. <BR>A wide range of cognitive and behavioural problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been identified in children of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. <BR>There is an association between smoking in pregnancy and an increase in childhood cancers, such as leukaemia and lymphoma.

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