n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - More about : vascular dementia

Volume 24, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Extracted from text ... 522 CME September 2006 Vol.24 No.9 VIVIAN FRITZ, MB BCh, FCP (SA), PhD (Wits), FRCP (LOND), FC NEUROL (SA) Emeritus Professor of Neurology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Definition Vascular dementia (multi-infarct dementia) is a disease in which the ability to remember, understand, communicate and control behaviour declines because of brain damage due to strokes. Unlike other forms of dementia, vascular dementia can be prevented by correcting or eliminating the risk factors for strokes. A stepwise deterioration and a fluctuating course are the characteristic historical features. Focal neurological signs (e.g. unilateral weakness, sensory loss, asymmetric reflexes or Babinski's sign) ..

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