n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Hypertension in the elderly : clinical pharmacology

Volume 25, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Hypertension is a common disease of the elderly (older than 65 years), with a prevalence of between 60% and 80%. It is more often isolated systolic hypertension with a relative fall in diastolic pressure, resulting in an increased pulse pressure. Isolated systolic hypertension is caused by age-related increases in arterial stiffness. Cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, sedentary lifestyle and obesity, are more common in the elderly. For these reasons, the elderly population with hypertension is at increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

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