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n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Introduction to traumatic brain injury : main article
TBIs are a leading cause of death and disability worldwide.
The incidence of TBI is highest in children and young adults.
TBI can result in significant impairment of an individual's physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning.
The leading causes of TBI are motor vehicle accidents, violence, falls, being hit by falling debris and pedestrian vehicle accidents .
Fast, effective medical care is required after a TBI in order to prevent secondary brain injuries and long-term complications.
Signs and symptoms of TBI may only appear days or even weeks after the initial injury.
Accurate and objective assessment of a patient's functioning after a TBI is essential in predicting outcome and justifying the need for rehabilitation after injury.
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