n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Schistosomiasis : main article

Volume 27, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Schistosomiasis is a blood fluke infection that has affected mankind for over four thousand years. A description of haematuria in agricultural communities of the Great River Valley found in the circa 1900BC is recognised as the first recorded description of the disease. Its geographical distribution continues to expand, a 5th human pathogenic schistosome, , having being described in Laos and Cambodia as recently as 1978. Five species of schistosomes are pathogenic in humans (Table I), four of which cause intestinal schistosomiasis, while causes urinary disease. This review will concentrate on the 3 main species affecting humans: and .

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