n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Schistosomiasis : main article
|Article Title||Schistosomiasis : main article|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||CME : Your SA Journal of CPD|
|Publication Date||Jun 2009|
|Pages||266 - 269|
Schistosomiasis is a blood fluke infection that has affected mankind for over four thousand years. A description of haematuria in agricultural communities of the Great River Valley found in the Gynaecological Papyrus of Kahun circa 1900BC is recognised as the first recorded description of the disease. Its geographical distribution continues to expand, a 5th human pathogenic schistosome, Schistosoma mekongi, having being described in Laos and Cambodia as recently as 1978. Five species of schistosomes are pathogenic in humans (Table I), four of which cause intestinal schistosomiasis, while S. haematobium causes urinary disease. This review will concentrate on the 3 main species affecting humans: S. haematobium, S. mansoni and S. japonicum.
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