n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Lower-limb venous thrombosis
|Article Title||Lower-limb venous thrombosis|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||CME : Your SA Journal of CPD|
|Author||Martin G. Veller and Jayandiran Pillai|
|Publication Date||Jul 2009|
|Pages||306 - 311|
Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are major causes of significant morbidity and mortality which are frequently, but not exclusively, associated with surgery, injury and other reasons for hospitalisation. In the acute setting, PE may be fatal while in the long term pulmonary hypertension can develop, particularly from recurrent PE. Post-thrombotic chronic venous insufficiency, better described as post-phlebitic chronic lower-limb venous hypertension (CVH), occurs as a result of the DVT causing deep venous reflux and/or venous outflow obstruction and can cause swelling, skin changes (dermatoliposclerosis) and venous ulceration. With appropriate therapy the risk of both the primary condition as well as the consequences thereof can be reduced. As DVT and PE are inextricably linked the syndrome is usually referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE).
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