The quality of research examining HIV prevention programmes targeted at young people in Africa is poor, according to the authors of a systematic review and meta-analysis published in the online edition of AIDS. Moreover, evidence that such prevention programmes had an effect was limited and confined to sub-groups.
Two studies have cast doubt on the value of nutritional supplements for patients with HIV. The first study, published in the 1 July edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases, showed that the provision of nutritional support has only modest benefits for HIV-positive adults without severe wasting. A separate study conducted among HIV-positive children in Uganda, and published in the Journal of the International AIDS Society, showed that doubling doses of vitamins and minerals did not affect disease progression or boost weight or CD4 cell count.
CPD questionnaires must be completed online via www.cpdjournals.org.za. After submission you can check the answers and print your certificate. Questions may be answered up to 6 months after publication of each issue.