n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - HIV/TB : guest editorial




South African reports to the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that its tuberculosis (TB) notifications have increased fivefold over the last 20 years; in 2008, South Africa had the third-highest TB burden, after India and China. South Africa and Swaziland now have the highest TB notification rates in the world, with about 1% of their populations developing TB annually. South Africa also has the greatest number of HIV-infected individuals in any country in the world, estimated at 5.5 million. South Africa was responsible for approximately 25% of the global burden of HIV-associated TB cases in 2007.


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