n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Emergency medicine : guest editorial
|Article Title||Emergency medicine : guest editorial|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||CME : Your SA Journal of CPD|
|Affiliations||1 University of Cape Town and 2 Stellenbosch University|
|Publication Date||Nov 2012|
|Pages||400 - 401|
'Emergencies occur everywhere, and each day they consume resources regardless of whether there are systems capable of achieving good outcomes.'
Low-income countries suffer the highest rates of every category of injury - from road traffic injuries to drowning; the highest rates of maternal death from acute complications of pregnancy; and the highest rates of acute complications of communicable diseases, including tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV. The rapidly growing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (such as cardiovascular and diabetic disease) has only increased the burden of acute illness, as patients with chronic disease in low-income countries also have the highest rates of mortality from acute complications. The World Bank's Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries project estimates that 45% of deaths and 36% of disability in low-and middle-income countries could be addressed by the implementation of effective emergency care systems.
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