n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Identification and management of childhood hearing loss




Hearing loss is one of the most common conditions that affects newborn babies worldwide. The spectrum of hearing loss ranges from mild loss of hearing affecting one ear, to profound hearing loss in both ears. Identification of hearing loss in young children is difficult because most cases are non-syndromic (i.e. there are no other dysmorphic features). Awareness of risk factors for hearing loss will contribute to the identification of only 50% of neonatal cases. Universal newborn hearing screening is now the accepted international standard. Management of these cases involves a multi-professional team and must be initiated as early as possible. In cases of severe to profound hearing loss, there is a limited window of opportunity to allow for development and integration of central auditory function. One of the major hurdles in the management of childhood hearing loss is the scarcity of schools that can educate children with hearing impairments.


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