n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Intracranial haemorrhage

Volume 31, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



Intracranial haemorrhage accounts for 15 - 20% of strokes and has risen in incidence by 18% over the past 10 years to 24.6/100 000. This has been ascribed to increased use of antiplatelet and anticoagulant medication for conditions such as atrial fibrillation, as well as an ageing population with untreated hypertension and diabetes. Because this increase in incidence has also occurred in low-to-middle income countries, one can anticipate an increased incidence in South Africa. Subarachnoid haemorrhage is a less common form of stroke than hypertensive haemorrhage, with an incidence of 6 - 7/100 000.

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