n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - An approach to community-acquired pneumonia in adults




Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, but its incidence in South Africa is unknown. In the USA, the incidence is 5 - 6 cases per 1 000 person-years, and 60 000 deaths caused by pneumonia were reported in that country in 2005. Given that South Africa is a developing country with a very high HIV prevalence, the incidence and death rate of pneumonia are likely to be higher. High morbidity and mortality rates of up to 23% are associated with CAP in the USA. In South Africa, the rates are not dissimilar.


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