oa Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes in South Africa - Body fat distribution and insulin resistance : review article



Extracted from text ... November 2005, Vol. 10, No. 3 113JEMDSA Obesity is defined as an excess accumulation of body fat associated with increased fat cell size and number. Obesity is a common and serious medical problem worldwide, especially in industrialised countries, but the prevalence of obesity is also increasing in developing countries such as South Africa.1 One of the key factors accounting for this may be increased urbanisation.2 The movement of populations from rural to urban areas is associated with major changes in lifestyle, particularly the increased availability of calorie-dense foods and drinks. Although obesity is associated with social stigma in Western countries, ..


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