oa Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes in South Africa - Should haemoglobin A be used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in South Africa? : review article

Volume 16, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1608-9677
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1009



Diabetes is an important medical problem in sub-Saharan Africa. It has traditionally been diagnosed by means of fasting plasma glucose, random blood glucose or an oral glucose tolerance test. Each of these has limitations and, in 2009, an expert committee of the American Diabetes Association recommended using the haemoglobin A (HbA) to diagnose diabetes mellitus. The aim of this paper is to analyse the advantages and disadvantages of using HbA as a diagnostic method for diabetes, and its applicability in the South African setting.

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