- A-Z Publications
- SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance
- Previous Issues
- Volume 2, Issue 1, 2005
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance - Volume 2, Issue 1, 2005
Volume 2, Issue 1, 2005
3rd African Conference on Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research organised by SAHARA (Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance) : conference announcement and call for abstractsSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 186 –187 (2005)More Less
AIDS is an extraordinary type of crisis. To stand any chance of effectively responding to the epidemic we have to treat it as both emergency and a long-term development issue. This means resisting the temptation to accept the inevitability of AIDS as just another of the world's many problems. The AIDS epidemic is exceptional; it requires an exceptional response that remains flexible, creative, energic and vigilant (Overcoming AIDS: the 'Next Agenda', 2004 Report on The Global AIDS Epidemic). The SAHARA 3rd International Conference aimed to contribute to the building up of that exceptional response.
Alcohol abuse, gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS in Botswana : establishing the link based on empirical evidenceSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 188 –202 (2005)More Less
The existence of gender-based violence has been a source of concern within the public and private sectors as well as civil society organisations in Botswana. The present study investigated the link between alcohol abuse, gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS. Further, it attempted to unravel the often unquestioned assumption that gender-based violence is perpetuated by cultural practices. Case study qualitative methodology was used to gather data for the study. A sample of 20 cases was selected purposively from five women's non-governmental organisations. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with agency coordinators, social workers, police commanders and police officers. The findings of the study revealed a relationship between alcohol abuse and gender-based violence, which makes victims vulnerable to HIV infection. From the findings, it is recommended that gender-based programmes be established to sensitise people about the link between alcohol abuse, gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS.
Life skills training as HIV / AIDS preventive strategy in secondary schools : evaluation of a large-scale implementation process : original articleAuthor M.J. VisserSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 203 –216 (2005)More Less
A life skills and HIV / AIDS education programme was implemented in secondary schools as a strategy to combat the spread of HIV / AIDS among school-going young people in South Africa. As part of a joint effort of the Departments of Health and Education, two teachers per school were trained to implement life skills training and HIV / AIDS education in schools as part of the school curriculum. The implementation of the intervention was evaluated in 24 schools in two educational districts in Gauteng province using an action research approach. Data about the implementation were gathered through interviews and focus group discussions with school principals, teachers and learners. A repeated measurement research design was used to assess the impact of the intervention in terms of knowledge, attitudes and reported risk behaviour in a sample of 667 learners representing learners from grades 8 to 12 from different population groups. Results showed that the programme was not implemented as planned in schools due to organisational problems in the schools, lack of commitment of the teachers and the principal, non-trusting relationships between teachers and learners, lack of resources and conflicting goals in the educational system. In an outcome evaluation over the period of a year it was found that learners' knowledge of HIV / AIDS increased and their attitudes were more positive although the changes may not be attributed to the programme alone. In the post-test more learners were sexually active, although preventive behaviour did not increase. The programme as implemented in the area did not succeed in changing high-risk behaviour patterns among school-going young people. From the evaluation of the intervention a few valuable lessons were learned about the content and implementation of HIV / AIDS preventive interventions, which could be useful in the implementation of various other HIV / AIDS preventive interventions in the community.
People living with HIV and AIDS in everyday conditions of township life in South Africa : between structural constraint and individual tactics : original articleSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 217 –235 (2005)More Less
The HIV / AIDS pandemic in South Africa has negatively transformed the lives of many in townships and rural areas. People living with AIDS (PWAs) are the socially weakened, whose means of survival include migrating, enduring gender violence, and they are thus confined to living in the margins of society. Using the concept of tactic as defined by de Certeau, this paper shows how anthropology can use the narratives of everyday life to make sense of the different ways the socially weakened create networks of support, find a cure, and generate forms of income or use running away as a means to avoid gender violence. This paper argues that if the State hopes to successfully introduce antiretroviral therapy and so turn everyday logics of survival into long-term strategies, it needs to commit itself firmly to reducing inherited forms of inequalities. Similarly, the State's commitment to eradicate poverty also requires it to take cognisance of the different borderline activities the socially weakened regard as avenues of survival. Rather than morally condemn such activity as a wrongdoing, the State should enhance its knowledge of the socio-economic conditions that almost coerce the socially weakened to 'do wrong'. The data were collected during intensive fieldwork carried out in Alexandra township and Diepkloof (Gauteng) in 2001 - 2002, using participant observation and repeated in-depth interviews.
Author Shandir RamlaganSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 236 –237 (2005)More Less
Has AIDS policy been left in the hands of technocrats? Nicoli Nattrass, in her 224-page book, argues that 'AIDS policy is too important to be left in the hands of technocrats'. As a Professor of Economics and Director of the Centre for Social Science Research at the University of Cape Town, she provides an economic analysis to inform social debate about AIDS policy in South Africa. In particular, Nattrass focuses on and discusses past and current government actions with respect to the provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART), thereby stimulating further questions and debate for both economists and non-economists.
Author Brian Van WykSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2 (2005)More Less
Letting Them Die provides a detailed account of a multi-component project aimed at mobilising a local community in a mining town in South Africa to prevent HIV / AIDS. The project included interventions to promote peer education among sex workers and young people, as well as efforts to mobilise various stakeholders to work together to prevent HIV / AIDS. As part of the outcomes evaluation, STI and HIV prevalence were monitored yearly among a random sample of sex workers, mineworkers and township residents over a 3-year period. A process evaluation was also conducted over the entire period of the project.
Learning from HIV and AIDS, George Ellison, Melissa Parker, and Catherine Campbell (Eds.) : book reviewAuthor Sharon KleintjesSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 2, pp 237 –239 (2005)More Less
The introductory chapter of Learning from HIV and AIDS by Ellison, Parker and Campbell briefly describes the current status of the pandemic, emphasising the limited success, and even failure, of uni-disciplinary approaches to the prevention and treatment of HIV / AIDS. They advocate for multileveled, inter-disciplinary research-informed policy and action to turn the tide on the global impact of HIV / AIDS. They note differences in interpretation in the debate on multi-disciplinary or inter-disciplinary action, differences evident also in the understanding of the authors of this volume.