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- Volume 3, Issue 3, 2006
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance - Volume 3, Issue 3, 2006
Volume 3, Issue 3, 2006
4th African Conference on Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research organised by SAHARA (Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance) : conference announcement and call for abstractsSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 3, pp 486 –487 (2006)More Less
Evaluation of the Nigerian national antiretroviral (ARV) treatment training programme : original articleSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 3, pp 488 –502 (2006)More Less
There is an understanding that greater availability of HIV treatment for the 40.3 million people currently infected with HIV is a humanitarian imperative that could prolong the lives of millions, restore economic productivity, and stabilise societies in some of the world's hardest-hit regions. The Nigerian government recognises that the country has the third highest burden of infection, with people living with HIV estimated to total 4.0 million, and so in 2002 commenced the implementation of one of Africa's largest antiretroviral (ARV) treatment programmes. A successful ARV programme requires that all components of a functional management system be put in place for effective and efficient functioning. This would include logistics, human resources, financial planning, and monitoring and evaluation systems, as well as sustainable institutional capacities. The Nigerian national ARV treatment training programme was conceived to meet the human resource needs in hospitals providing ARV therapy. This paper reports on the evaluation of the training programme. It examines knowledge and skills gained, and utilisation thereof. Recommendations are made for improved training effectiveness and for specific national policy on training, to meet the demand for scaling up therapy to the thousands who need ARV.
Assistance needed for the integration of orphaned and vulnerable children - views of South African family and community members : original articleSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 3, pp 503 –509 (2006)More Less
Guardianship within families is often regarded as the most viable and preferred option for orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC). However, this will place a considerably increased burden on the new caregivers of these children. This study examines whether assistance to prospective families would incline them towards incorporating children and, if so, what would act as 'threshold' incentives for them. Adults (N = 1 400) in diverse locations and of various 'relational proximity' to children were interviewed in three high HIV / AIDS prevalence provinces in South Africa. Close relatives were more inclined to take in children and would generally require lower levels of assistance than more distanced adults. Nonetheless, for most poor families, no matter their relation to the child, help is critical. More distanced families, friends and strangers also showed a strong willingness to incorporate children - provided they receive sufficient help. For all categories, the greater the assistance the more likely they would be to take in children. While direct financial assistance was important, assistance with education related costs and having a trained and caring person come in 'now and then' to help were also significant factors. The age and HIV status of the child were viewed as important intervening factors in deciding whether or not to take in an additional child/ren by some people.
Compassion or condemnation? South African Muslim students' attitudes to people with HIV / AIDS : original articleSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 3, pp 510 –515 (2006)More Less
Given the dearth of literature on the influence of religiosity on attitudes toward people with HIV / AIDS, the present study surveyed these variables in a sample of South African Muslim university students using the Religious Orientation Scale (ROS) and an attitude to people with HIV scale. Gender differences in attitudes towards people with HIV were also examined. The sample comprised 90 male and female undergraduate and postgraduate Muslim students. While both males and females displayed high religiosity scores, male students were found to be significantly more religious than female students. No gender differences were found on the attitude to people with HIV scale, with students indicating positive attitudes to people with HIV. Higher religiosity was significantly correlated with a more positive attitude to people with HIV. The implications of the findings are discussed.
Social constructions of gender roles, gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS in two communities of the Western Cape, South Africa : original articleSource: SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance 3, pp 516 –528 (2006)More Less
The links between gender roles, gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS risk are complex and culturally specific. In this qualitative study we investigated how women and men in two black communities in the Western Cape, South Africa, constructed their gender identities and roles, how they understood gender-based violence, and what they believed about the links between gender relations and HIV risk. First we conducted 16 key informant interviews with members of relevant stakeholder organisations. Then we held eight focus group discussions with community members in single-sex groups. Key findings included the perception that although traditional gender roles were still very much in evidence, shifts in power between men and women were occurring. Also, gender-based violence was regarded as a major problem throughout communities, and was seen to be fuelled by unemployment, poverty and alcohol abuse. HIV / AIDS was regarded as particularly a problem of African communities, with strong themes of stigma, discrimination, and especially 'othering' evident. Developing effective HIV / AIDS interventions in these communities will require tackling the overlapping as well as divergent constructions of gender, gender violence and HIV which emerged in the study.